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Mumps is an acute, systemic, communicable viral infection whose most distinctive feature is swelling of one or both parotid glands. Involvement of other salivary glands, the meninges, the pancreas, and the gonads is also common.[1] 

Here are some synonyms for mumps:

  • Parotitis: This is the most technical term for mumps and simply refers to inflammation of the parotid glands.
  • Viral parotitis: This term indicates that mumps is caused by a virus and that it primarily affects the parotid glands, which are the salivary glands located near the ears.
  • Epidemic parotitis: This term refers to the fact that mumps can spread quickly through a population.

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