Acute Otitis Media

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Acute Otitis Media

Definition

Otitis media is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear. where’s acute otitis media [AOM] is an infection of rapid onset that usually presents with ear pain.[1]

Here are some related terms you might find useful:

  • Other names: Acute middle ear infection
  • Informal terms: Ear infection (This is a general term that can refer to any infection of the ear, not just otitis media.)

Otitis media

Otitis media, often referred to as a middle ear infection, is an inflammation or infection of the middle ear, the air-filled space behind the eardrum that contains the tiny vibrating bones of the ear. These bones normally transmit sound vibrations from your eardrum to your inner ear, which allows you to hear.

Otitis media is most common in children, but adults can get it too. There are three main types of otitis media:

  • Acute otitis media (AOM): This is a sudden infection that causes ear pain, fever, and hearing problems.
  • Otitis media with effusion (OME): This is when fluid builds up in the middle ear without causing any symptoms. It can happen after an ear infection has cleared up, or on its own.
  • Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM): This is a long-term infection of the middle ear that can damage the eardrum and the tiny bones in the middle ear.

Otitis media is usually caused by a virus, but it can also be caused by bacteria. Anything that blocks the Eustachian tube, which is the tube that connects the middle ear to the back of the nose and throat, can increase your risk of getting otitis media. This includes allergies, colds, and sinus infections.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Otitis media is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear. where’s acute otitis media [AOM] is an infection of rapid onset that usually presents with ear pain.

  • Aconite
  • Belladonna
  • Hepar Sulphur
  • Mercurius
  • Pulsatilla
  • Plantago
  • Sulphur
  • Ear pain
  • Fever
  • Reduced hearing
  • Tenderness on touch
  • Purulent discharge
  • Irritability and diarrhea (in infants)
  • Decongestant nasal drops.
  • Oral nasal decongestants.
  • Analgesics and antipyretics.
  • Ear toilet.
  • Dry local heat
  • Incising the drum to evacuate pus.
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