Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing Spondylitis Definition Symptoms Cause Diet Regimen Homeopathic Medicine Homeopath Treatment In Rajkot India

The Ankylosing Spondylitis:

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Definition:

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is characterised by a chronic inflammatory arthritis predominantly affecting the sacroiliac joints and spine, which can progress to bony fusion of the spine. [1]

  • The onset is typically between the ages of 20 and 30, with a male preponderance of about 3 : 1.
  • In Europe, more than 90% of those affected are HLA B27 positive.
  • The overall prevalence is less than 0.5% in most populations.
  • Over 75% of patients are able to remain in employment and enjoy a good quality of life.
  • Even if severe ankylosis develops, functional limitation may not be marked as long as the spine is fused in an erect posture. [1]
  • This fusing makes the spine less flexible and can result in a hunched-forward posture.
  • If ribs are affected, it can be difficult to breathe deeply. [2]

Several things make AS more likely:

Age:

  • It tends to start between your teens and 30s.

Gender:

  • Men are two to three times more likely to get the disease than women.

Genetics:

  • You can inherit it from your parents.
  • One gene, called HLA-B27, is common in people with AS.

Ethnicity:

  • AS appears more often among native tribes in the U.S. and Canada, especially Alaskan Eskimos. [4]

Risk Factors

Family history and HLA-B27 gene

Age.

About 80 percent Trusted Source of people first develop ankylosing spondylitis symptoms under age 30.

Sex.

Ankylosing spondylitis tends to develop about twice as often in men than in women.

Ethnicity.

The prevalence of the HLA-B27 gene seems to vary between ethnic groups. According to one studyTrusted Source, its incidence rate was 7.5 percent in non-Hispanic whites, 4.6 percent among Mexican-Americans, and 1.1 percent among non-Hispanic blacks.

Gut inflammation.

Up to 70 percent Trusted Source of people with ankylosing spondylitis have gut inflammation, suggesting a potential origin in the gut. It’s thought disruption to the microbiome in your gut may play a role in its development.

Smoking.

Some research Trusted Source has found an association between the development of ankylosing spondylitis and smoking, but the association still is not clear.

Childhood infections.

A 2016 study Trusted Source found an association between childhood respiratory infections and the later development of ankylosing spondylitis. Childhood appendicitis was linked to a decreased risk.[10]

Pathophysiology

  • Ankylosing spondylitis is thought to arise from an as yet ill defined interaction between environmental pathogens and the host immune system in genetically susceptible individuals.
  • Increased faecal carriage of Klebsiella aerogenes occurs in patients with established AS and may relate to exacerbation of both joint and eye disease.
  • Wider alterations in the human gut microbial environment are increasingly implicated, which could lead to increased levels of circulating cytokines such as IL 23 that can activate entheseal or synovial T cells.
  • The HLA B27 molecule itself is implicated through its antigen presenting function (it is a class I MHC molecule) or because of its propensity to form homodimers that activate leukocytes.
  • HLA B27 molecules may also misfold, causing increased endoplasmic reticulum stress.
  • This could lead to inflammatory cytokine release by macrophages and dendritic cells, thus triggering inflammatory disease. [1]

Types

  1. Nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA). This is the less severe form of spondyloarthritis. “Nonradiographic” means that something is not easily visible on an X-ray. .
  2. Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis. This is the first phase of ankylosing spondylitis. It happens when nr-axSpA gradually gets worse and affects the sacroiliac joints and the bones of the spine.[7]

Sign & Symptoms

Ankylosing Spondylitis 1

Pain and stiffness:

  • You may have constant pain and stiffness in the low back, buttocks, and hips that continues for more than 3 months.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis often starts around the sacroiliac joints, where the sacrum (the lowest major part of the spine) joins the ilium bone of the pelvis in the lower back region.
  • It might hurt more at night and get better when you wake up.
  • You might also feel pain in other joints such as your knees, shoulders, and jaw.
Fusion Of Bones

Fusion Of Bones

Bony fusion:

  • Ankylosing spondylitis can cause an overgrowth of the bones, which may lead to abnormal joining of bones, called "bony fusion."
  • Fusion affecting bones of the neck, back, or hips may affect your ability to perform everyday things.
  • Fusion of the ribs to the spine or breastbone may limit your ability to expand your chest when taking a deep breath.

Pain in ligaments and tendons:

  • Spondylitis also may affect some of the ligaments and tendons that attach to bones.
  • Tendinitis (inflammation of the tendon) may cause pain and stiffness in the area behind or beneath the heel, such as the Achilles tendon.
Bent Posture

Bent Posture

Bent posture:

  • If AS has gone undiagnosed and untreated, you might have a stooped posture from changes to your vertebrae.

Breathing problems:

  • Changes in posture can lead to changes in your lungs that make it hard to breath.

Heart trouble:

  • The inflammation can also affect your heart.

Eye problem:

  • AS is linked to uveitis, a condition that causes inflammation in your eyes.
  • Symptoms include pain, light sensitivity, and blurry vision.

Inflammatory bowel disease:

  • The inflammation can also affect your digestive system.
  • You might notice diarrhea, belly pain and cramps, bloody poop, less appetite, and weight loss without trying.

Psoriasis:

  • About 10% of people with AS have this immune system disease that causes scaly, itchy red patches on their skin.

Fatigue:

  • You could feel run down because of lack of sleep due to pain or as a part of the disease process itself.

Dactylitis:

  • You may get swollen toes or fingers.

Fever:

  • Person might have a mild fever

Over many years, AS can cause new bone to grow on your spine, fusing the vertebrae and making it harder to move.

Generally, This can cause severe stiffness.

About half the people who have AS get either osteoporosis, or brittle bones. [4]

Clinical Examination of Ankylosing spondylitis

Appearance of the Patient

  • Patients with ankylosing spondylitis usually appear normal.

Vital Signs

  • Vital signs are within normal limits in patients with AS.

Cervical spine 

  • Forward stooping of the thoracic and cervical spine.
  • The degree of flexion deformity is measured by asking the patient to stand erect with heels and buttocks against a wall and to extend the neck while keeping the mandible in the horizontal position and ask the patient to touch the wall.
  • The degree of flexion deformity is measured by the distance between the occiput and the wall.

Thoracic spine

  • The degree of chest expansion is measured by the range of motion of the costovertebral joints and is measured at the level of the xiphoid process.
  • The physician must ask the patient to raise their arms beyond their heads and then ask the patient to maximal forced expiration how much they can and that is followed by a maximal inspiration.
  • In normal individuals the expansion is usually >2 cm.
  • In normal individuals it is greater than 10 cm.

Lateral spinal flexion

  • Physician must ask the patient with AS to standing erect with heel and back against a wall and knees and hands extended and measure the distance between the tip of the middle finger and the floor.
  • Then ask the patient to bend sideways without bending the knees.

Schober test

  • In patients with AS Schober test is used to measure forward flexion of the lumbar spine.
  • Physician must ask the patient to stands erect then a point is placed at the middle of a line joining the posterior superior iliac spines, another mark is made above 10 cm in the midline then ask the patient to bends forward how much they can without bending the knees and measure the distance.
  • In normal individuals  should exceed 2 cm.

Sacroiliac joint tenderness

  • In AS patients to bring out sacroiliac pain apply direct pressure over the sacroiliac joint.
  • Sacroiliac joint tenderness is also elicit by the following
    • Ask the patient to be supine position, then apply direct pressure on the anterior superior iliac spine and, at the same time physician must apply force on iliac spine laterally.
    • Ask the patient to be on the side, then physician must apply pressure to compress the pelvis.
    • Ask the patient to be supine position, physician must ask the patient to flex one of the knees and then to abduct as well as externally rotate the corresponding hip, then apply pressure on the knee which is flexed and this elicit pain on the sacroiliac joint.

Hip joint

  • When a patient with AS is exhibiting abnormal gait hip involvement should be suspected.
  • In AS patients hip involvement lead to flexion deformities and can be assessed by internal and external rotation of the hip.

Dactylitis

  • Dactylitis also called as sausage digits. In AS patients the fingers looks like in appearance.

Lungs

  • Restrictive lung disease
  • Upper lobe fibrosis

Cardiovascular

  • Patients with AS present with following cardiovascular features
    • Valvular heart disease
    • Aortitis
    • Conduction disturbance[8]

Investigation of Ankylosing spondylitis

Blood tests

If your GP suspects AS, they may arrange blood tests to check for signs of inflammation in your body. Inflammation in your spine and joints is a main symptom of the condition.

If your results suggest you do have inflammation, you’ll be referred to a rheumatologist for further tests. A rheumatologist is a specialist in conditions that affect muscles and joints.

Further tests

Your rheumatologist will carry out imaging tests to examine the appearance of your spine and pelvis, as well as further blood tests.

These may include:

Genetic testing

A genetic blood test may sometimes be carried out to see if you carry the HLA-B27 gene, which is found in most people with AS.

This can contribute towards a diagnosis of AS, but it’s not entirely reliable as not everyone with the condition has this gene and some people have the gene without ever developing AS.[9]

Diagnosis of Ankylosing spondylitis

  • In established AS, radiographs of the sacroiliac joint show irregularity and loss of cortical margins, widening of the joint space and subsequently sclerosis, joint space narrowing and fusion.
  • Lateral thoracolumbar spine X ­rays may show anterior ‘squaring’ of vertebrae due to erosion and sclerosis of the anterior corners and periostitis of the waist.
  • Bridging syndesmophytes may also be seen.
  • Basically, these are areas of calcification that follow the outermost fibres of the annulus.
  • In advanced disease, ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament and facet joint fusion may also be visible.
  • The combination of these features may result in the typical ‘bamboo’ spine.
  • Erosive changes may be seen in the symphysis pubis, the ischial tuberosities and peripheral joints.
  • Osteoporosis and atlanto­axial dislocation can occur as late features.
  • Patients with early disease can have normal X Rays, but if clinical suspicion is high, MRI should be performed.
  • This is much more sensitive for detection of early sacroiliitis than X­ ray and can also detect inflammatory changes in the lumbar spine.

Diagnosis criteria for Ankylosing Spondylitis:

Imaging e.g.
  • Bilateral sacroiliitis on X-ray, even if changes are mild
  • Unilateral sacroiliitis on X-ray if changes are definite
History
  • Back pain > 3 months improved by exercise also not relieved by rest
Clinical Examination such as,
  • Limitation of lumbar spine movement in sagittal and frontal planes,
  • Chest expansion reduced
Investigations such as,
  • HLA-B27-positive
  • Elevated CRP
  • Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (in other words ESR)
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)

[1]

The features include i.e.:

  • Pain that does not improve with rest.
  • Pain that causes sleep disturbance.
  • Back pain that starts gradually, before the age of 40 years, and is not caused by injury.
  • Symptoms that persist for over 3 months.
  • Spinal stiffness in the mornings, which improves with exercise and motion. [3]

Differential Diagnosis of Ankylosing spondylitis

Some of the symptoms or conditions that mimic ankylosing spondylitis include:
  • Chronic Lower Back Pain
  • Reactive Arthritis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Enteropathic Arthritis
  • DISH[11]

Treatment of Ankylosing spondylitis

The goal of treatment is to relieve your pain and stiffness, because prevent or delay complications and spinal deformity.

Moreover, Ankylosing spondylitis treatment is most successful before the disease causes irreversible damage to your joints.

Medications:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as naproxen (Naprosyn) and indomethacin (Indocin) are the medications doctors most commonly use to treat ankylosing spondylitis.

They can relieve your inflammation, pain and stiffness. However, these medications might cause gastrointestinal bleeding.

If NSAIDs aren’t helpful, your doctor might suggest starting a biologic medication, such as a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker or an interleukin 17 (IL-17) inhibitor.

TNF blockers target a cell protein that causes inflammation in the body.

IL-17 plays a role in your body’s defense against infection and also has a role in inflammation.

TNF blockers help reduce pain, stiffness, and tender or swollen joints.

They are administered by injecting the medication under the skin or through an intravenous line.

The five TNF blockers approved by the Food & Drug Administration to treat ankylosing spondylitis are i.e.:
  • Adalimumab (Humira)
  • Certolizumab pegol (Cimzia)
  • Etanercept (Enbrel)
  • Golimumab (Simponi; Simponi Aria)
  • Infliximab (Remicade)

Secukinumab (Cosentyx) is the first IL-17 inhibitor approved by the FDA for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis.

TNF blockers and IL-17 inhibitors can reactivate latent tuberculosis and make you more prone to infection.

Therapy:

  • Physical therapy is an important part of treatment and can provide a number of benefits, from pain relief to improved strength and flexibility.
  • A physical therapist can design specific exercises for your needs.
  • Range-of-motion and stretching exercises can help maintain flexibility in your joints and preserve good posture.
  • Proper sleep and walking positions and abdominal and back exercises can help maintain your upright posture.

Surgery:

Most people with ankylosing spondylitis don’t need surgery.

However, your doctor might recommend surgery if you have severe pain or joint damage, or if your hip joint is so damaged that it needs to be replaced. [2]

Prevention of Ankylosing Spondylitis

You may not be able to prevent cervical spondylosis, but these steps may reduce your risk:
  1. Stay physically active.
  2. Use good posture.
  3. Prevent neck injuries by always using the right equipment and the right form when exercising or playing sports.
  4. Avoid trauma to your neck.[12]

Homeopathic Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis.

Which includes

  • The medical history of the patient,
  • Physical and mental constitution,
  • Family history,
  • Presenting symptoms,
  • Underlying pathology,
  • Possible causative factors etc.

A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions.

What Homoeopathic doctors do?

A homeopathy doctor tries to treat more than just the presenting symptoms. The focus is usually on what caused the disease condition? Why ‘this patient’ is sick ‘this way’?

The disease diagnosis is important but in homeopathy, the cause of disease not just probed to the level of bacteria and viruses. Other factors like mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose a person to illness also looked for. Now a days, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The correct homeopathy remedy tries to correct this disease predisposition.

The focus is not on curing the disease but to cure the person who is sick, to restore the health. If a disease pathology not very advanced, homeopathy remedies do give a hope for cure but even in incurable cases, the quality of life can greatly improve with homeopathic medicines.

Homeopathic Medicines for Ankylosing Spondylitis:

The homeopathic remedies (medicines) given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathy treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each homeopathic remedy may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications also taken into account for selecting a remedy, potency and repetition of dose by Homeopathic doctor.

So, here we describe homeopathic medicine only for reference and education purpose. Do not take medicines without consulting registered homeopathic doctor (BHMS or M.D. Homeopath).

1. Aesculus Hippocastanum – top medicine for ankylosing spondylitis:

  • Generally, Aesculus Hippocastanum is a top listed medicine for ankylosing spondylitis.
  • This medicine is prepared from a plant commonly called ‘horse chestnut.’
  • The natural order of this plant is Sapindaceae.
  • The prominent symptom indicating the use of Aesculus Hippocastanum is a pain in the sacrum and the hips.
  • Along with this, there is marked stiffness in the lower back.
  • The symptoms get worse from rising from the seat, also the person has to make repeated efforts.
  • At the same time, there is a sensation as if the back would break.
  • Aching pains in the lumbar, sacral also the pelvic region are treated well with homeopathic medicine Aesculus Hippocastanum.
Key indications for using aesculus hippocastanum i.e.:
  • Pain in sacrum and hips due to inflammation.
  • Besides this, Marked stiffness in the lower back.
  • Back pain worse rising from a seat and on stooping.

2. Kalmia Latifolia – for ankylosing spondylitis with constant pain in spine:

  • Kalmia Latifolia is specifically a highly beneficial medicine for ankylosing spondylitis.
  • This medicine is prepared from the fresh leaves of a plant i.e. ‘Mountain Laurel.’
  • The natural order of this plant is Ericaceae.
  • It is indicated when there is a constant pain in the spine.
  • Pain in the lumbar area and a burning/heat sensation in the lumbar spine is present.
  • A feeling of lameness in the back is present.
  • Sometimes there is a sensation as if the back would break.
  • There is also an intense pain in the neck (cervical spine) along with stiffness.
  • The neck feels tender to the touch.
  • Kalmia Latifolia is an effective homeopathic remedy for the pain in the neck (cervical spine) which then radiates to the shoulders.
  • Early morning worsening of neck pain and stiffness is also present.
Key indications for using kalmia latifolia i.e.:
  • Constant pain in the spine.
  • Pain in lumbar back attended with heat / burning in the spine.
  • Neck pain and stiffness.

3. Rhus Toxicodendron – for morning stiffness in back:

  • Rhus Tox is especially a well indicated medicine for ankylosing spondylitis.
  • It helps in reducing the stiffness of the back.
  • The stiffness is most intense in the morning.
  • Sitting also aggravates the stiffness.
  • Rhus Tox also works wonders in reducing back stiffness that gets worse from taking rest.
  • Here lying or sitting still worsens the stiffness.
  • The person requiring Rhus Tox gets relief by walking.
  • Pain in the lower back is also severe along with stiffness.
  • Rhus Tox is also a natural medicine for managing back pain which gets relieved by the application of hard pressure.
Key indications for using Rhus Tox:
  • Intense stiffness in the back.
  • Back stiffness that is worse in the morning or due to inactivity.
  • Back pain and stiffness that is reduced by walking.

4. Colocynthis – For Hip Pain in Ankylosing Spondylitis:

  • Colocynthis is a medicine especially, for ankylosing spondylitis with marked hip pain. Additionally, It is prepared from a plant named ‘bitter cucumber.’
  • Moreover, This plant belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae.
  • For using Colocynthis hip pain may be cramping, drawing or tearing in nature.
  • The pain from hip may also extend down to the knee, leg or even to the feet in a few cases.
  • Sensitivity to touch the affected hip is also seen in many cases.
  • Colocynthis is also a useful remedy for hip pain that gets better by lying on the affected side.
  • In some cases, pressure on the affected hip offers comfort.
  • Hip pain that gets better by warmth also indicates the use of homeopathic medicine Colocynthis.
  • The person needing Colocynthis also experiences an aggravation of hip pain by sitting, standing, being in motion, and gets relief from rest.

5. Bryonia Alba – When Backache is Worse from Motion:

  • Bryonia Alba is another well-indicated medicine for treating ankylosing spondylitis.
  • This medicine is prepared from a plant commonly named ‘Wild Hops.’
  • The natural order of this plant is Cucurbitaceae.
  • A backache that is worse from motion or walking is the guiding feature to use Bryonia Alba.
  • In a few cases, stooping, standing and sitting also worsen the backache.
  • The relief in back pain is afforded only with absolute complete rest.
  • Stiffness is also present along with a backache.
  • The stiffness is so intense that a person has to sit and walk in a stooped posture.
  • Maintaining an upright posture while sitting/walking is difficult.

6. Agaricus Muscarius – when back is sensitive to touch with pain:

  • Agaricus Muscarius is majorly used in ankylosing spondylitis when the spine is sensitive to touch, along with pain.
  • The sensitivity of the spine is severe in the morning.
  • Other symptoms pointing towards the use of Agaricus Muscarius are back pain getting worse from stooping, a burning sensation in the spine, and a feeling of tightness in the back muscles.
  • A lumbosacral backache that is worse during daytime exertion is also treated well with Agaricus Muscarius.
  • A marked stiffness in the back is present along with pain.
  • There is a sensation as if the back would break.
  • Another sensation that may appear is that of a cold or hot needle piercing the back.

7. Kali Carbonicum – for weakness in back:

  • Kali Carb is a medicine is especially used to treat ankylosing spondylitis where weakness in the lower back accompanies back pain.
  • The pain is present in the lower back, hips, also thighs.
  • Besides this, The person feels better by lying down.
  • It is also helpful when there is difficulty in turning in bed from a backache.
  • Another chief indication to use kali carb is a sharp pain in back extending up and down.

8. Natrum Muriaticum – when lying on the back brings relief:

  • Natrum Mur is specifically, another valuable medicine used to treat ankylosing spondylitis.
  • The characteristic feature to use natrum mur is relief from back pain upon lying down, especially on a hard surface.
  • Other symptoms include difficulty in stooping, a pulsating sensation in the back and pain in the sacrum.
  • The person needing homeopathic medicine Natrum Mur may also need firm support on the back.

9. Cimicifuga Racemosa – for ankylosing spondylitis with neck (cervical back) pain and stiffness:

  • It is prepared from a plant i.e. black cohosh of natural order Ranunculaceae.
  • Cimicifuga Racemosa is used to treat neck (cervical back) pain and stiffness in cases of ankylosing spondylitis.
  • A contracted sensation in the neck is present, because the neck is sensitive to touch.
  • Pressure seems to worsen the pain in the neck.
  • Any motion of the head and hands also aggravates the neck pain.
  • Worsening of neck pain from exposure to cold air is also treated well with homeopathic medicine Cimicifuga Racemosa.

10. Calcarea Fluorica – to dissolve osteophytes:

  • Calcarea Fluor is a especially indicated medicine for dissolving osteophytes (bony outgrowths appearing in the spine) in cases of ankylosing spondylitis.
  • Another symptom that suggests the use of Calcarea Fluor is a back pain that is worse from rest conversely, better from motion.
  • Application of warmth may also relieve back pain in a few cases.
  • Restlessness along with back pain is also present.

11. Tellurium Met – for sacral pain radiating down the thigh:

  • Tellurium Met is a medicine for ankylosing spondylitis with marked sacral pain radiating down the thigh.
  • The back is sensitive, so that the pain gets worse from touch.
  • A feeling of weakness in the back, and cervical back pain spreading to the shoulder and between the scapulae are other symptoms that indicate the need for this medicine.
  • The cervical spine is also sensitive to pressure and touch.

12. Conium Maculatum – for sacral pain from walking a short distance:

  • Conium Maculatum is especially indicated when there is a severe aching in the sacral region from walking a short distance.
  • Stitching pain in the sacrum when standing, weakness also lameness in the small of the back, tightness in the nape of the neck with pain and stiffness and soreness in the lower cervical spine are also present.
  • Pain in the dorsal back between both the shoulders and the lumbar region also indicates the need for this medicine.

13. Guaiacum – for ankylosing spondylitis with stiff neck:

  • Guaiacum is a significant medicine for ankylosing spondylitis with a stiff neck.
  • It is a plant-based medicine especially, prepared from the plant ‘Guaiacum Officinale.’ Additionally, The natural order of this family is Zygophyllaceae.
  • Marked stiffness in the neck is the key feature to use this medicine.
  • Pain in the neck and the back (between scapulae) is also treated well with this medicine.
  • It is also indicated in some cases where neck pain radiates down the sacrum. [5]

 

 

Back Against a Wall i.e.:

 

  • Firstly, Stand against a wall, with your heels and buttocks touching the wall.
  • Secondly, Squeeze your shoulder blades together.
  • Then, Hold for 5 seconds, then relax.
  • At last, Repeat.
Prone Lying i.e.:
  • Lie on your stomach.
  • Slowly prop yourself up on your elbows so that your chest is off the ground.
  • If you’re able, straighten your arms.
  • Hold for 10 to 20 seconds, then return to start position.
  • Repeat.
 Seated Thoracic Extension i.e.:
  • Sit upright in a chair, with your feet flat on the floor.
  • Place your hands behind your head for support, with your elbows out to the sides.
  • Keeping your head still, slowly roll the top of your spine over the back of the chair.
  • Hold for 5 to 10 seconds, then return to start position.
  • Repeat.
Quadricep Stretch i.e.:
  • Lie on your stomach.
  • Loop a strap, belt, or sheet around the top of one foot.
  • Gently pull the strap over your shoulder until you feel a stretch through the muscle.
  • Hold for 10 to 20 seconds, then return to start position.
  • Repeat on the other side.
Seated Figure Four Stretch i.e.:
  • Firstly, Sit upright in a chair, with your feet flat on the floor.
  • Secondly, Lift your right leg and place your right foot on top of your left thigh, just above your knee.
  • After that, Keeping your spine as straight as possible, slowly hinge forward.
  • For a deeper stretch, apply gentle pressure on the right thigh.
  • Hold for 10 to 20 seconds, then return to start position.
  • Similarly, repeat on the other side.
 Plank i.e.:
  • Lie on your stomach with your forearms on the floor also elbows directly below your shoulders.
  • Tighten your stomach muscles additionally, lift your hips off the floor.
  • Squeeze your buttock muscles, also left your knees off the floor.
  • Keep your body straight, but without letting your pelvis sag toward the floor.
  • Hold for 10 to 20 seconds, then return to start position.
  • Repeat. [6]

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis?

Ankylosing spondylitis (in other words, AS) is characterised by a chronic inflammatory arthritis predominantly affecting the sacroiliac joints and spine, which can progress to bony fusion of the spine.

Homeopathic Medicines used by Homeopathic Doctors in treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis?

  • Aesculus Hippocastanum
  • Kalmia Latifolia
  • Rhus Toxicodendron
  • Colocynthis
  • Bryonia Alba
  • Agaricus Muscarius
  • Kali Carbonicum

What are the symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis?

  • Pain and stiffness
  • Bony fusion
  • Pain in ligaments and tendons
  • Bent posture
  • Breathing problems
  • Heart trouble

Give name of the exercise for Ankylosing Spondylitis?

  • Back Against a Wall
  • Prone Lying
  • Seated Thoracic Extension
  • Quadricep Stretch
  • Seated Figure Four Stretch
  • Plank
  1. Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine (22nd edition) Ch. 25
  2. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ankylosing-spondylitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354808
  3. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/248217.php
  4. https://www.webmd.com/arthritis/what-is-ankylosing-spondylitis#1
  5. https://www.drhomeo.com/ankylosing-spondylitis/ankylosing-spondylitis-homeopathic-remedies/
  6. https://creakyjoints.org/diet-exercise/ankylosing-spondylitis-stretches-exercises/
  7. https://www.webmd.com/ankylosing-spondylitis/guide/types-stages-ankylosing-spondylitis
  8. https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/Ankylosing_spondylitis_physical_examination
  9. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ankylosing-spondylitis/diagnosis/
  10. https://www.healthline.com/health/ankylosing-spondylitis/ankylosing-spondylitis-causes#whos-at-risk
  11. https://creakyjoints.org/about-arthritis/axial-spondyloarthritis/axspa-overview/ankylosing-spondylitis-misdiagnosis/
  12. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/cervical-spondylosis

Definition:

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is characterised by a chronic inflammatory arthritis predominantly affecting the sacroiliac joints and spine, which can progress to bony fusion of the spine. [1]

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

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Excerpts (Summary)

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