Bryonia Alba

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The Bryonia Alba:

Memory Tips for Mental Symptoms

Hi Friends Let’s memorize mental symptoms of Bryonia Alba through name of Medicine ‘BRYONIA’.

Business oriented 

  • Dreams all night very vividly of anxious and careful attention to his business.  
  • Delirious prattling about business to be attended to 
  • Busy in his dreams and in delirium with his everyday business 
  • Irrational talking about his business. (8) 

Reserved:

  • Wants to be let alone. Averse to being disturbed. 
  • Taciturn. 

Yet in home, wants to be taken home:

Another feature of Bryonia is desire to get out or escape from bed and wants to go home (Act., Hyds.) yet the pt. lies in bed at home. This is generally found in delirious state. (6) 

Obstinate & Passionate:

  • Our Bryonia pt. desires things immediately which cannot be had or which when offered are refused.  
  • Dr. Clarke said pt. desires things to eat which cannot be had or are refused if offered. 

Night aggravation:

Delirium-wants to go home, thinking he is not there < night 

Irritable:

  • Master Kent said, Bryonia has an extreme state of imitability, which is as extreme as that found in Nux Vom. Chamomilla.  
  • Kent said it has also acute complaints aggravated from anger, from controversy-bad effects of mortification, anger.  
  • Master Kent warned us in humour that-do not cross a Bryonia pt. as it makes him worse. 

Apprehension, dread of future:

Despair of being cured, with fear of death 

Bryonia alba Homeopathy Medicine Metal Symptoms Memory Tips is Bryonia with icons pictures
Bryonia alba Homeopathic Medicine Guiding symptoms Memory Tips is Modality with pictures

Memory Tips for Guiding Symptoms

Hi Friends Let’s memorize guiding symptoms of Bryonia Alba through name of Medicine ‘MODALITY’.

Modality:

  • Nash said the leading characteristic of Bryonia lies in its modality. Dr. Nash elucidated the modality by expressing it in three words… “aggravation from motion.” Master Kent said these runs all through the remedy.
  • In this consequence, relief is obtained from absolute rest mental or physical.
  • Nash said, “more and longer he moves the more he suffers thus relief by lying still”-Bryonia is the first remedy to be thought of.

Often desires things which are not to be had:

  • Our Bryonia pt. desires things immediately which cannot be had or which when offered are refused. Clarke said pt. desires things to eat which cannot be had, or are refused if offered. Master Kent said child wants something and he knows not what. You go to a child who is being carried in the arms of the nurse and wants one toy after another, you get the toy he wants and he does not want it and will throw it back at you (Kent).

Dryness:

  • Dryness is another leading feature of Bryonia. Excessive dryness of mucous membranes of entire body. which Dr. Nash said, lack of secretion from mucous surfaces. Nash elaborated, it begins in the lips, which are parched. dry and cracked and ends in rectum and stools, which are hard and dry as if burnt. The tongue is dry, the cough is dry: thus, dryness runs through the remedy.

Ailments From:

  • Ailments from anger (Bry.2, Acon.1, Chamo.1, Colo.1, Ign.1, Ip.1, Nux Vom.1, Op.1, Plat.1, Staph.1)-after anger chilly but with head hot and face red (Aur.), ailments when warm weather sets in, after cold days, after taking cold or getting hot in summer, chilling when overheated, exposure to draft, to cold wind (Acon., Hep.), suppressed discharges.

Lying on painful side ameliorates:

  • E. B. Nash said another very valuable modality can again be expressed in three words “amelioration from pressure”. This is the reason the patient, much to the astonishment of the nurse, wants to lie on the painful side (Ammon Carb., Calc., Puls.) (-rev., Acon., Bell, Hep., Kali Carb, Nux Mos., Phos.).

Note: The characteristic pain-sticking (Kali Carb.), tearing, stabbing, pulsating, bursting, burning (Ref. Harvey Farrington) <by motion,> by rest and lying on painful side.

Irritable:

Master Kent said, Bryonia has an extreme state of imitability, which is as extreme as that found in Nux Vom. Chamomilla. Kent said it has also acute complaints aggravated from anger, from controversy-bad effects of mortification, anger. Master Kent warned us in humor that-do not cross a Bryonia pt. as it makes him worse.

 Thirst:

  • Due to dryness of all the mucous surfaces, Bryonia. pt. has great thirst for large quantities of water at long interval and that is a characteristic. Dr. Nash said, a little does not satisfy him.

Yet in home, wants to be taken home:

  • Another feature of Bryonia is desire to get out or escape from bed and wants to go home (Act., Hyds.) yet the pt. lies in bed at home. This is generally found in delirious state. (6)

Bryonia Alba Introduction

Hi Friends, Now we describing Drug picture of Bryonia Alba

Common name :

  • Wild hop, White bryony, Vitis alba

Family / Group / Class / Order :

  • Vegetable kingdom, Cucurbitaceae family

Habit and habitat / Description :

  • It is found in central and southern Europe. It is a perennial climbing herb with a fusiform, branched root, alternate leaves, bright green in colour.
  • Flowers are small, greenish-yellow and appear in axillary racemes. They bloom in June and July.
  • The berries are globular and black. (1)

Name of prover : 

  • Dr Hahnemann in 1816 and reproved by the Austrian Society of Homoeopaths.

Introduction and history :

  • It is a right sided, short acting, acute polychrest remedy.
  • It is so important and useful, without which, as Dudgeon says; ‘We might indeed shut up our shops.’ It is a domestic medicine for the treatment of various kinds of ailments.
  • The word Bryonia alba comes from a Latin word.
  • Bryonia means ‘growing rapidly’. This remedy was mentioned by Dioscoroides and was introduced into homeopathic practice in 1816 by Dr Hahnemann. (1)

Active principles :

  • It contains different alkaloids. The main alkaloid is ‘bryonin’ which is intensely bitter and amorphous with a dark brown resin, both having purgative properties. It also contains various fatty acids. (1)

Preparation & Parts used :

  • Mother tincture is prepared from fresh roots before the tree is in flowering condition. (1)

Constitution of Bryonia 

Physical make up :

  • It is best suited to people who are tall, slender, dry, lean with dark hair, complexion and strong fleshy muscular fibers.
  • The patient has a gouty tendency. (1)

Temperament :

  • Choleric 3, Phlegmatic 2, Nervous 1 (7)

Diathesis :

  • Rheumatic and gouty

Relation with heat & cold :

  • Hot patient

Miasm :

  • Psora (1)

Clinical Features of Bryonia 

Clinical conditions

In Homeopathy Bryonia Alba medicine use by Homeopathic Doctors in treatment of following Disease Conditions

Sites of action / Pharmacodynamics

  • Blood circulation, serous membranes, pleura, pericardium, brain, meninges, synovial membrane, peritoneum, nerves, muscles, right side, cellular tissues, liver, fibrous tissues and respiratory system. (1)

Causation (Causes / Ailments from)

  • Mortification, anger, fright, chagrin, iced or cold drinks in hot weather, cold dry wind, draught, overeating, suppressed eruptions and discharges, alcohol, etc. (1)

Physiological action

  • When applied to the skin, it causes blisters.
  • When taken internally in poisonous doses, it causes gastrointestinal inflammation with profuse vomiting and uncontrollable diarrhoea, dilated pupils, reduced temperature, colic, collapse and death.
  • In some cases, the serous membranes are inflamed and covered with an exudate.
  • The lower portion of the lungs shows hepatization without bronchitis.
  • The mucous membrane of the large bronchial tubes is irritated, resulting in cough with pain and distress in this region.
  • The muscles are intensely irritated and congested. (1)

Patho-physiological changes / Pathogenesis

  • It acts upon the mucous and serous membranes causing inflammation and dryness with lack of secretion.
  • It acts on blood and circulation, increasing the flow and power of heart’s action.
  • It acts on synovial membranes and viscera, producing an ache in every muscle.
  • Delirium or drowsiness, worse at night. Desire to escape from bed, wants to go home although the patient is at home.
  • Weakness of mind, ideas disappear; fainting at the time of rising from bed.
  • Patient is very ill-humoured and morose without any cause, apprehension about the future.
  • Obstinate and passionate; bad effects of violence and anger.
  • Vertigo as though all objects were reeling. (1)

Characteristic mental symptoms (psychology) of Bryonia 

  • Very irritable and ugly in behaviour.
  • Determined
  • Taciturn
  • Delirium-wants to go home, thinking he is not there < night, constant motion of left leg and left hand.
  • Talks of business. Fear of poverty.
  • Wants to be let alone. Averse to being disturbed.
  • Desire for things, which are rejected, when offered.
  • Apprehension, dread of future.
  • Despair of being cured, with fear of death.
  • Children dislike to be carried or raised.
  • Easily angered and irritated.
  • Reserved. (2)

 

Guiding Symptoms

As Dr. E. B. Nash refers the leading characteristic of Bryonia lies in its ‘Modality’ hence allow me to impress you the totality of Bryonia through the word ‘MODALITY’.

  • M-Modality: aggravation from any motion; and relief from absolute rest, either mental or physical.
  • O-Often desires thing, which are not to be had.
  • D-Dryness: excessive dryness of mucus membranes of entire body.
  • A-Ailments:

From exposure to draft, cold wind.

When warm weather sets in, after cold days.

From cold drinks or ice in hot weather.

From suppressed discharges.

  • L-Lying on painful side amelioration.
  • I-Irritability: inclined to be vehement and angry.
  • T-Thirst: great thirst for large quantities at long interval.
  • Y-Yet in home, wants to be taken to home.

Generalities of Bryonia Alba

  • Sharp pains, often with a feeling of tension, (<) motion also touch.
  • The pains, as a rule, while (<) motion, are (>) continued moderate pressure, but (<) sudden, hard pressure or jerking; there is also general relief from warmth, or warm applications.
  • Pains nearly always sharp, sticking or tearing, sometimes bruised, or like suppurating, or like a stiffness.
  • General weariness, especially in the morning, also on rising; (<)in the forenoon while walking, can scarcely drag himself about.
  • Faintness on rising from bed, with cold perspiration.
  • Besides this, The weakness is generally accompanied by easy perspiration from a little effort.
  • Lastly; Symptoms are usually (>) rest in bed; are frequently worse in the evening.

Head of Bryonia Alba

  • Vertigo, nausea, faintness on rising, confusion.
  • BURSTING, SPLITTING HEADACHE, as if everything would be pressed out; as if hit by a hammer from within; wore from motion, stooping, opening eyes.
  • Headache becomes seated in occiput.
  • Drawing in bones towards zygoma.
  • Headache; worse on motion, even of eyeballs. Generally, Frontal headache, frontal sinuses involved.

Eye of Bryonia Alba

  • Pressing, crushing, aching pain. Glaucoma.
  • Sore to touch also when moving them.

Ears of Bryonia Alba

  • Aural vertigo. [Aur.; Nat. sal.; Sil.; Chin.]
  • Roaring, buzzing.

Nose of Bryonia Alba

  • FREQUENT BLEEDING OF NOSE WHEN MENSES SHOULD APPEAR. Also in the morning, relieving the headache.
  • Coryza with shooting also aching in the forehead.
  • Swelling of tip of nose, feels as if it would ulcerate when touched.

Face of Bryonia Alba

  • Red, hot, puffy, especially over the malar bones.
  • Yellowish paleness. (Small nodules and indurations, like abortive boils, on the face.)
  • Upper lips swollen, cracked, like erysipelas, bleeding. Crackling of the lower lip, also an eruption upon it.

Mouth of Bryonia Alba

  • Jerking toothache, (>) warmth, also (>) lying on the painful side.
  • The toothache is a sticking, tearing, sometimes temporarily (>) cold water, or on walking, in the open air.
  • The gums are sore about the painful teeth.
  • Tongue sometimes dry during fever, usually with a thick, white coat.
  • Aphthae on the tip of the tongue. A general bitter taste.
  • Salivation; at times soapy, frothy, rarely bloody.

Throat of Bryonia Alba

  • Dryness, sticking on swallowing, scraped and constricted. [Bell.]
  • Tough mucus in larynx also  trachea, loosened only after much hawking; additionally worse coming into warm room. 

Stomach of Bryonia Alba

  • NAUSEA AND FAINTNESS WHEN RISING UP.
  • Abnormal hunger, loss of taste.
  • Thirst for large draughts. Vomiting of bile also water immediately after eating. Worse, warm drinks, which are vomited.
  • STOMACH SENSITIVE TO TOUCH. PRESSURE IN STOMACH AFTER EATING, AS OF A STONE.
  • Soreness in stomach when coughing.
  • Dyspeptic ailments during summer heat. Sensitiveness of epigastrium to touch.

Abdomen of Bryonia Alba

  • Liver region swollen, sore, tensive.
  • Burning pain, STITCHES; WORSE, PRESSURE, COUGHING, BREATHING. Tenderness of abdominal walls.

Rectum & Anus of Bryonia Alba

  • Diarrhoea, putrid, followed by burning in the anus and cutting in the abdomen.

Stool of Bryonia Alba

  • Constipation; stools hard, dry, as if burnt; seem too large.
  • Stools brown, thick, bloody; furthermore WORSE IN MORNING, FROM MOVING, in hot weather, after being heated, from cold drinks, every spell of hot weather.

Urinary Organ of Bryonia Alba

  • Red, brown, like beer; scanty, hot.

Sexual Organ of Bryonia Alba

Female:

  • Menses too early, too profuse; worse from motion with tearing pains in legs; SUPPRESSED, WITH VICARIOUS DISCHARGE OR SPLITTING HEADACHE.
  • Stitching pains in ovaries on taking a deep inspiration; very sensitive to touch. Additionally, Pain in right ovary as if torn, extending to thigh. [Lilium; Croc.] In detail,  Milk fever Pain in breasts at menstrual period.
  • BREASTS HOT AND PAINFUL, HARD. Abscess of mammae. Besides this, Frequent bleeding of nose at appearance of menses.
  • Menstrual irregularities, with gastric symptoms. Ovaritis.
  • INTERMENSTRUAL PAIN, WITH GREAT ABDOMINAL ALSO PELVIC SORENESS. [Ham.].

Respiratory System of Bryonia Alba

  • Soreness in larynx also trachea. Hoarseness; worse in open air. Furthermore, Dry, hacking cough from irritation in upper trachea.
  • Cough, dry, at night; MUST SIT UP; WORSE AFTER EATING OR DRINKING, with vomiting, WITH STITCHES IN CHEST, also expectoration of rust- coloured sputa.
  • Frequent desire to take a long breath; MUST expand lungs.
  • Difficult, quick respiration; worse every movement; caused specifically by stitches in chest.
  • Cough, with feeling as if chest would fly to pieces; presses his head on sternum; must support chest.
  • Croupous also pleuro-pneumonia.
  • Expectoration brick shade, tough, and falls like lumps of jelly. In detail, Tough mucus in trachea, loosened only with much hawking.
  • COMING INTO WARM ROOM EXCITES COUGH. [Nat. carb.]
  • Besides thus, Heaviness beneath the sternum extending towards the right shoulder.
  • All in all, Cough worse by going into warm room. Stitches in cardiac region. Angina pectoris (use tincture).

Heart & Pulse of Bryonia Alba

  • Palpitation, with Dyspnoea. Stitches. Pulse full, hard also rapid.

Neck & Back of Bryonia Alba

  • Painful stiffness in nape of neck.
  • STITCHES AND STIFFNESS IN SMALL OF BACK. From hard water also sudden changes of weather.

Extremities of Bryonia Alba

  • Knees stiff also painful. Hot swelling of feet.
  • JOINTS RED, SWOLLEN, HOT, with stitches and tearing; additionally, worse on least movement. Every spot is painful on pressure.
  • Constant motion of left arm also leg. [Helleb.].

Skin of Bryonia Alba

  • Yellow, pale, swollen, dropsical; hot also painful.
  • HAIR VERY GREASY.

Sleep of Bryonia Alba

  • Drowsy; starting when falling asleep.
  • Delirium; busy with business matters and what he had read.

Fever of Bryonia Alba

  • Pulse full, hard, tense, and quick.
  • Chill with external coldness, dry cough, stitches. Internal heat.
  • Sour sweat after slight exertion.
  • Easy, profuse perspiration.
  • Rheumatic and typhoid marked especially by gastro-hepatic complications. (3)(4)

Important characteristic features of Bryonia 

Keynotes / Redline symptoms:

  • Pains-stitching, tearing, < slightest motion, night, > absolute rest, pressure, lying on painful side.
  • Excessive dryness of all the mucus membranes of entire body.
  • Great thirst for large quantities of cold water at long intervals.
  • Mammae-heavy, very painful, stony hard, hot < least motion > support.
  • Dry spasmodic cough with stitching pain in chest > pressure.
  • Headache- severe, bursting, heavy, fronto-occipital headaches < ironing, when constipated.
  • Painful part pale, swollen, < least motion > rest, pressure, > hot fomentation. (2)

Guiding symptoms:

  • Dryness: Dryness everywhere; dryness of mucous membranes, especially of mouth, stomach and alimentary tract.
  • Thirst: Excessive thirst, thirst for large quantities of water at along intervals, mouth is always dry.
  • Constipation: Excessive dryness of alimentary tract, rectum; thereby produces dry, hard also  knotty stool, as if burnt.
  • Right-sidedness: It is purely a right sided remedy. Symptoms always start on the right side and then go to the left side.
  • Hardness: Breasts are heavy, of stony hardness, additionally must support them with hand to prevent least motion which causes pain.
  • Swelling: Dropsical swellings, swelling of legs and abdomen, joints are red, swollen and stiff.
  • Fever: It is useful in almost all kinds of fever; for example, typhoid and remittent fevers, also intermittent fever with great thirst during chill.
  • Sluggishness: In acute conditions, complaints develop very slowly. Additionally, Delirium is mild, all complaints advance very slowly.
  • Rheumatic pains: Muscular rheumatism, muscles sore to touch, swollen, worse especially from least motion, with sticking, tearing pains.
  • Aversion: Aversion to rich and fatty foods, milk, greasy food also vegetables.
  • Desire: Desire for oysters, coffee, cold acid drinks, sweets, etc.
  • Vicarious menstruation: Nose bleed, haemoptysis or blood spitting instead of menses.
  • Metastasis: Of rheumatism to the eyes. In detail, Shooting pains through eyeballs into the back of head.
  • Headache: Bursting headache, soreness of distant parts. Heaviness in the head as if everything would be pressed out, worse form stooping also motion.
  • Hastiness: Hastiness in breathing, very rapid in typhoid conditions. Besides this, Drinks water hastily. Speech is hasty.
  • Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea in hot weather, bilious, acrid with soreness of anus, stool like dirty water, of undigested food.
  • Cough: Cough is dry, spasmodic with gagging also vomiting, with stitches in the side of the chest. (1)

PQRS symptoms:

  • Business oriented, fear of poverty. Irritability, wants to be left alone.
  • Averse to be disturbed.
  • Affects the serous also mucous membranes.
  • Worse specifically from slightest motion.
  • Dryness
  • Extremely thirsty for large quantities of water, at infrequent intervals.
  • Tongue coated either white or yellowish-brown at center.
  • Injury, trauma, sprains, fractures. (2)

 Confirmatory symptoms:

  • Right sided complaints.
  • Dryness of all mucous membranes.
  • Stitching pains < slightest motion > rest, pressure, lying on painful side.
  • Great thirst for large quantities of cold water.
  • Constipation, no desire for a number of days, or dry, large, hard, as if burnt stools. (2)

 Nucleus symptoms:

  • Dry, spare, nervous slender persons, with dark complexion also hair, of irritable disposition and rheumatic tendency.
  • < Slightest movement > Rest, pressure, lying on affected side.
  • Swelling.
  • Stitching pains. (2)

 

 

 

Therapeutic value of Bryonia 

  • Alcoholism,
  • Asthma,
  • Bilious attack,
  • Brain affections,
  • Bronchitis,
  • Constipation,
  • Dropsy,
  • Dysentery,
  • Enteric fever,
  • Epistaxis,
  • Gastric disorders,
  • Headache,
  • Heart affections,
  • Influenza,
  • Measles,
  • Meningitis,
  • Myalgia,
  • Pleurisy,
  • Rheumatic fever,
  • Toothache,
  • Vertigo,
  • Vicarious menstruation,
  • Whooping cough, etc. (1)

 

Modality of Bryonia 

Aggravation:

  • Evening, warmth, before falling asleep, stooping down, from slightest motion, touch, warm food and drink, exertion, warm room, at 9 pm, by suppression of discharges, in summer, lying on the painful side, etc.

Amelioration:

  • Ongoing down, lying on the painless side, complete rest, eating cold food and cold drink, by pressure, when sitting, in a dark room, etc. (1)

Remedy Relationship of Bryonia 

Complimentary

  • Alum, Rhus-t.

Follows Well

  • Acon, Alum, Bell, Calc, Con, Kali-c, Lyc, Merc, Nux-v, Op, Phos, Puls, Rhus-t, Sep, Sulph.

Antidoted By

  • Acon, Alum, Calc, Camph, Cham, Chel, Chlr, Cinch, Clem, Coff, Frag, Ign, Merc, Mur-ac, Nux-v, Puls, Rhus-t, Seneg.

It Antidotes

  • Alum, Chin, Chlor, Frag, Merc, Rhus-t.

Comparison

  • Acon, Am-m, Ant-c, Arn, Ars, Bell, Calc, Carb-v, Caust, Cham, Cimx, Cinch, Dulc, Ham, Ign, Ip, Kali-c, Kreos, Lach, Lyc, Merc, Mill, Nat-m, Nat-s, Nit-ac, Nux-m, Nux-v, Op, Petr, Podo, Puls, Ran-b, Rhus-t, Rumx, Sep, Sil, Spig, Squil, Sulph. (2)

Posology of Bryonia

Dose

  • It acts in lower as well as in higher potencies. Lower potencies are indicated in gout, rheumatism, and inflammatory troubles. Besides this, Higher potencies are indicated in diseases of gastrointestinal tract also in cases where its constitutional symptoms are present.

Potency

  • 6x, 12x, 30, 200, 1000

Repetition

  • It is a short acting remedy also bears frequent repetition.

Duration of action

  • 7 to 21 days. (1)

Frequently Asked Questions

Qu. 1. Name three medicines for gouty or rheumatic diathesis.

Ans i) Firstly, Bryonia. ii) Secondly, Colchicum. iii) Thirdly, Rhus tox

Qu.2. Name three medicines for dark hair, dark complexion.

Ans. Qu Ans i) Firstly, Bryonia ii) Secondly, Causticum. iii) Thirdly, Nitric acid

Qu. 3. Describe the pain symptoms of Bryonia.

Ans. i) Character of pain:

  • Stitching, tearing, darting pain.

Note: Bone-pains: the more general and severe, the better adapted (Eupat, Merc.).

ii) Modalities:

Agg: from motion, inspiration, coughing

Amel: by absolute rest. lying on painful side

Qu. 4. Dryness runs through the Bryonia-Explain.

Ans. i) Excessive dryness of mucus membranes of entire body.

ii) G-I system: Lips and tongue: -Dry, parched cracked. Additionally, Great thirst for large quantity of cold water.

Stool: –Dry, as if burnt: obstinate constipation.

iii) Respiratory system: Cough-dry, hard racking with scanty expectoration

iv) Urinary system: Urine-Scanty also dark.

Qu. 5. Name few medicines for complaints occurring from anger.

Ans. i) Aconite., ii) Bryonia., iii) Chamomilla., iv) Colocynth. v) Lachesis., vi) Natrum mur. vii) Nux vomica.

Qu.6. Mention three medicines where complaints occur in hot summer weather.

Ans. i) Firstly, Antim. crud. ii) Secondly, Carbo. veg. iii) Thirdly, Natrum mur. iv) Fourthly, Bryonia. v) Gelsemium. vi) Lastly, Podophyllum.

Qu. 7. What is vicarious menstruation? Name two medicines for it.

Ans. According to Stedmann’s Medical Dictionary: vicarious word comes from Vicis-supplying place of; acting as a either substitute or occurring in an abnormal situation. In Bryonia and Phosphorus: Epistaxis or nose-bleed occurs in an abnormal situation; additionally, in place of menstruation-thus it is called as vicarious menstruation.

Qu. 8. Mention five medicines for unfreshing sleep. -more tired on rising than when retiring.

Ans. i) Firstly, Bryonia., ii) Secondly, Hepar sulph., iii) Thirdly, Nux vomica, iv) Fourthly, Pulsatilla., v) Lastly, Sulphur.

(Ref. Mag. phos. chapter of Allen’s key notes).

Qu. 9. Describe the headache of Bryonia.

Ans. a) Suitability:

Gastric also nervous headache of sedentary persons (Anac., Arg. nit, Nux vom.)

b) Causation:

i) Due to draught of cold air.

ii) From constipation.

iii) From ironing i.e., from warmth (Hering).

iv) Specifically, From bad effects of mortification, chagrin (Kent).

c) Location:

Especially in the fore-head but entire head is affected.

d) Sensation:

i) As if brain is burst through forehead. Kent as if the skull would split open.

ii) Fulness and heaviness of forehead; additionally head across the forehead (Aloe., Bell.).

e) Modalities:

Agg. 1) From slightest motion. ii) In the morning when eyes., iii) When stooping., iv) When coughing.

Amel. i) By pressure, bandage. ii) By lying on painful side., iii) From rest, lying (Phos. acid, Gels., Sil.).

Note:

Most of the head complaints are of congestive character and better from cool applications from cold air etc. yet there are some head complaints those are ameliorated especially by hot application and these complaints seem to have no accompanying cerebral congestion.

f) Concomitants:

i) Firstly, Dry, white coated tongue.

ii) Secondly, Great thirst for large quantities of cold water at long interval.

iii) Thirdly, Headaches are associated with congestive also inflammatory complaints-epistaxis, constipation etc.

Qu. 10. Describe the vertigo of Bryonia.

Ans.

i) Vertigo: when rising after stooping (Bell, Rhus tox.).

ii) Vertigo: especially from motion of the carriage.

Qu.11. State the respiratory symptoms of Bryonia.

Ans.

I. Introduction:

The respiratory symptoms of Bryonia commence with cold. There may be at first loss of voice with rawness in the trachea and great soreness in the chest (Kent).

Cough:

a) Causation i.e.:

i) After taking cold. ii) From getting hot in summer., iii) From exposure to draught of air., iv) On entering a warm room.

b) Location i.e.: –

Usually right side of the chest is affected.

c) Character i.e.:-

i) Cough predominately dry, spasmodic. ii) Cough with scanty expectoration., iii) Cough shakes the whole body; compels him to spring up in the bed involuntarily., iv) With gagging also vomiting., v) With stitching pain in side of the chest.

d) Modalities i.e.:

Agg. i) After eating & drinking: especially after cold drinks cough is worse (Kent).

ii)After entering into a warm room.

iii) After taking a deep inspiration.

iv) From motion

v) In the evening also night (Kent).

Amel.

i) From absolute rest.

ii) From pressure (on chest especially by hands).

iii) Lying on painful side.

e) Concomitants i.e.:

i) Firstly, Headache, as if head would fly to pieces.

ii) Secondly, Constipation.

iii) Thirdly, Thirst for large quantities of cold water at long interval.

Nose: –

I) Vicarious menstruation i.e.:

Nose bleed appears in place of menses.

II) Dryness i.e.:

Dryness of mucus membranes sneezing also loss of small. Note: Kent says, all the complaints of Bryonia begins in the nose-sneezing, coryza, etc.

III) Pneumonia i.e.:

i) Stage i.e.: –In early stage of pneumonia. But Dr. Farrington refers that Bryonia is not a remedy for early stage of inflammation, but when exudation results.

ii) Site i.e.: -Lower lobe of the right lung is affected.

Note! Schematic representation!

iii) Pain i.e.: -Stitching pain in the chest.

iv) Modalities i.e.: –

from slightest deep inspiration. Amel. by complete rest, by pressure; so patient holds motion; she the chest.

v) Concomitants i.e.:

1) Firstly, Dry, white coated tongue.

2) Secondly, Thirst for large quantities of cold-water at large intervals.

3) Thirdly, Constipation with dryness of all mucus membranes.

Qu. 12. Describe the toothache of Bryonia.

Ans.

i) Character of pain i.e.: -Tearing, stitching toothache.

ii) Aggravations i.e.:

a) Toothache if anything warm is taken into the mouth-from warm foods also drinks.

b) Toothache worse especially in a warm room.

c) From smoking. 

iii) Ameliorations i.e.:

a) Toothache relieved by holding ice-water in the mouth, but returns when water becomes warm (Caust., Puls.).

b) Wants to be in cold air.

c) By lying on painful side: pressing hard upon the painful tooth.

Qu. 13. State the gastric symptoms of Bryonia.

Ans. i) Stomach:

a) Pressure as from stone at pit of the stomach, relieved especially by eructation.

b) Gastric pain aggravates during the process of digestion (Nux vom).

c) Bloating with nausea-every motion renews the disposition to vomit.

Qu. 14. State the diarrhoea of Bryonia.

Ans. a) Causation i.e.:

  • After taking cold food also cold drinks when overheated.
  • When the days are hot also nights are cold.
  • During the spell of hot weather.
  • From suddenly checked perspiration in hot weather.
  • From either fruit or sour krout.
  • From ice cream (Ars, Arg.nit, Puls)

b) Time i.e.: Morning diarrhoea; as soon as the patient gets up, on morning   even a hand also foot.

c) Character of stool i.e.:

i) Dirty water stool, ii)Bilious, acrid, iii) Stool contain undigested foods, iv) Yellowish, like corn meal, v) Cheesy putrid odour (Kent).

Note i.e.:

Wakes up Bloating and distension of abdomen à Slightest movement (on moving even a hand or foot)à Colic with urging Hurry to the closet Yellowish evacuation, Prostration, Slight movement.

Qu.15. Describe the Bryonia constipation.

Ans: a) Causation:

  • Due to dryness of mucus membrane of lower portion of GI tract.
  • Ongoing to sea.

b) Character of stool: Stool is large, hard, dark, dry, knotty as if burnt.

c) Sensation: No inclination or no desire for stool at all, due to inactive rectum.

d) Modalities: After too much movements.

e) Concomitants:

i) Firstly, Headache due to constipation

ii) Secondly, Dry tongue with white coating.

iii) Thirdly, Thirst for large quantities of cold water at long interval.

iv) Fourthly, Nausea also faintness.

Qu. 16. State the urinary symptoms of Bryonia.

Ans. i) Colour: Dark.

ii) Quantity: Scanty

iii) Character: Kent says. involuntary urination burning pain in the meatus.

iv) Modality: Amelioration especially from the flow.

Note: Kent says, lithic also uric acid diathesis (Lyco.).

Qu. 17. Discuss the Bryonia fever. Fever of all kinds are controlled by this drug.

Ans

a) Causation:

i) Firstly, After taking cold in hot summer weather.

ii) Secondly, From exposure to draught of cold wind.

iii) Thirdly, When the days are hot also nights.

iv) Lastly, Taking cold when getting warm.

b) Onset: -Slow, gradual also insidious.

c) Attitude-During fever patient lies quietly on the bed-like a cadaver.

d) Physical symptoms:

1) Dryness i.e.-Dryness of all the mucus mem branes.

2) Tongue i.e.: -Dry white coated tongue.

3) Thirst i.e.: -For large quantities of cold water at long interval.

4) Pulse i.e.: -Full, hard, tense, quick.

5) Constipation i.e.: -Stool dry, hard, knotty es? burnt.

6) Taste i.e.: -Bitter taste in the mouth.

7) Headache i.e.: –As if head will burst out and amelioration by pressure.

8) Respiratory i.e.: -i) Dry cough with stitching pain in the chest., ii) Constriction of the chest; scanty expectoration; profuse perspiration bloody sputum are the indications of Bryonia.

9) Nausea i.e.: –Nausea and faintness.

10) Perspiration i.e.: –Profuse perspiration.

11) Meningeal fever i.e.: -In meningeal fever, the is constant motion of left arm and leg are cold.

e) Mental symptoms:

1) Delirium i.e.: – i) Low muttering delirium. ii) Patient talks about his daily business, iii) Wants to go home, although he is in the home.

f) Modalities i.e.: -Agg. from slightest motion.

Amel. 1) Firstly, By absolute rest. ii) Secondly, By hard pressure.

Qu.18. Name three medicines for hasty speech and hasty drinking.

Ans i) Firstly, Belladonna. ii) Secondly, Bryonia, iii) Thirdly, Hepar sulph.

Qu.19. Describe the child symptoms of Bryonia.

Ans. i) Children dislike either to be carried or to be raised.

ii) Desire things immediately which are not to be had or which when offered are refused.

iii) Child is afraid to speak or move for fear of bringing on a paroxysm of coughing.

iv) Hydrocephalus in children: constant also voluntary motion of left arm and leg.

v) In convulsion: automatic motion of one hand also head.

Qu. 20. State the female symptoms of Bryonia.

Ans i) Menses i.e.-Too early, too profuse, dark, clotted blood.

ii) Dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) i.e.:

a) In menstrual period-marked congestion in the ovaries, -pain in the ovaries, with sensitiveness to touch.

b) Pain agg. especially from motion.

c) Amelioration from rest, by hot drinks also by lying on painful side.

iii) Amenorrhoea i.e.: –Over-heated from exertion; such as, from ironing or washing a few days before the menstrual period.

iv) Breast i.e.– i) Mammae heavy, of a stony hardness. Tumefied breast, hard like old cheese (Phyto., Lac. can.).

ii) Pale but hard: hot and painful.

iii) Must support the breast-esp. when going up or down stairs.

iv) Heaviness and hardness of the breast, prior to menstruation (Kent). 

Qu. 21, Discuss the dreams of Bryonia.

Ans.

i) Firstly, Dreams of great exertion-rowing, swimming working hard, etc.

ii) Secondly, Dreams of his daily occupation.

Qu. 22. Mention six characteristic symptoms of Bryonia.

Ans. i) Modalities i.e.: – Dr. Nash says, the leading characteristics of Bryonia lies in its modalities

  •  aggravation especially from any motion. On the other hand, amelioration from absolute rest and lying on painful side.

ii) Dryness i.e.: -Excessive dryness of mucus membranes of the entire body.

iii) Thirst i.e.: -Great thirst especially for large quantities of cold water at long interval.

iv) Desire i.e.: – a) Desires things immediately which are not to be had, or which when offered are refused. b) Desire for coffee, cold drinks, etc.

v) Ailments from i.e.: – a) from anger b) when warm weather sets in after cold days c) from cold drinks or ice in hot weather d) after taking cold or getting hot in summer e) from chilling when overheated f) from exposure to draft, cold wind, g) from suppressed discharges: of menses, milk or eruption of acute exanthema.

vi) Onset i.e.-All the complaints of Bryonia develops, slowly, -insidious onset. (5)

Qu.23 Bryonia Alba is used for which diseases?

Ans.

In Homeopathy Bryonia Alba medicine use by Homeopathic Doctors in treatment of following Disease Conditions

Reference:

  1. D. Patil MM 2013, Section -II, Chap >Bryonia alb
  2. Zomeo Lane Chap > Bryonia alb
  3. MM by Boericke Chap > Bryonia alb
  4. MM by T.F.Allen Chap > Bryonia alb
  5. Synoptic memorizer of MM by Dr.S.K.Banerjea 2001, Vol II, Part-1, Chap> Bryonia alb
  6. Synoptic memorizer of MM by Dr.S.K.Banerjea 2001, Vol I, Chap 2, > Bryonia alb
  7. Tempraz MM by Dr.Parinaz Humranwala Chap>Bryonia alba
Bryonia Alba Homeopathy Medicine Memory Tip Symptoms Constitution Use Disease Dose Potency Repetition Drug Picture Mann Homoeopathic Clinic Rajkot
Bryonia Alba
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