Herpes Labialis

Herpes Labialis (Cold sores) Definition Symptoms Cause Diet Homeopathic Medicine Treatment Homeopathy Doctor Clinic in Rajkot Gujarat India

The Herpes Labialis:

Definition of Herpes Labialis 

A Herpes Labialis is a group of tiny, painful blisters caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). They’re also call fever blisters or herpes simplex labialis.

Overview of Herpes Labialis

  • A few hours before the onset, there is a feeling of burning, or pain; this follow by a crop of vesicles which break down in 48 hours.
  • These crops recur and the attack lasts for 3 to 7 days. It commonly occurs on the face at the mucocutaneous junction. [1]
  • The rash usually heals within ten days, but the virus remains dormant in the trigeminal ganglion.[2]
  • There may or may not a scar left after the attack. It precipitate by fever, strong sunlight, emotional stress, local trauma.[1]

Causes of Herpes Labialis (Cold sores)

  • Cold sores are sometimes called oral herpes because they cause by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). This virus is very common and highly contagious.
  • It spreads through saliva or close contact — often through kissing or by sharing utensils, straws, towels or lip balm with someone who has a cold sore.
  • You may not know if you have infected with HSV-1 because symptoms of exposure to HSV-1 are generally mild.
  • Children sometimes develop a fever and small blisters inside and around their mouths when they are first exposed to HSV-1.[4]

Exciting Factors:

  • The infection is typically spread between people by direct non-sexual contact. Attacks can trigger by sunlight, fever, psychological stress, or a menstrual period.
  • The infection is typically spread between people by direct non-sexual contact.
  • Direct contact with the genitals can result in genital herpes. Diagnosis usually base on symptoms but can confirm with specific testing.[1]

Triggers factors:

  • After you have been infected with HSV-1, the virus never goes away. It remains dormant (inactive) in a group of nerve cells in your face called the trigeminal ganglion.
  • When the virus is triggered, or activated, it “wakes up” and travels through your nerves to your lips, where a cold sore develops. After an outbreak, the virus goes back to sleep in your body.
  • What triggers a cold sore in one person might not cause an outbreak in another person. Some people with HSV-1 never develop a cold sore.
  • A cold sore can be activated by a variety of factors, including:
  • Hormonal changes during menstruation or pregnancy
  • Sunburn
  • Extreme temperatures (hot or cold)
  • Stress (physical or emotional)
  • Fatigue
  • Fever and illness, such as cold or flu
  • Damaged, dry or cracked lips[4]


Sign & Symptoms of Herpes Labialis

For many people, symptoms are more severe the first time they develop a cold sore. When you have a cold sore outbreak:

  • The first sign of a cold sore is usually a tingling, burning, or itching sensation on or around the lips, beginning about 12-24 hours before the cold sore develops.
  • The area becomes red, swollen and painful as the blisters form.
  • Over 2-3 days, the blisters rupture and ooze fluid that is clear or slightly yellow. This is sometimes called the “weeping phase.”
  • About 4-5 days after the cold sore appears, it crusts and scabs over. It might crack or bleed as it heals.
  • The scab then falls off, revealing skin that may be a little more pink or reddish than usual for a few days. It usually takes 1-2 weeks for the cold sore to heal completely.[2]

Diagnosis of Herpes Labialis

  • Generally, Your doctor can usually diagnose cold sores just by looking at them.
  • To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor might take a sample from the blister for testing in a laboratory.[5]

Complication of Herpes Labialis

  • Eye infections
  • Genital sores
  • Eczema
  • New born: Babies under 6 months old may develop complications such as high fever and seizures because their immune systems aren’t fully developed.
  • Immunocompromised people: In detail, For people with weakened immune systems, the herpes simplex virus can lead to encephalitis (in other words, swelling of the brain). Besides this, If you have HIV or are undergoing chemotherapy, cold sores could more severe and could take longer to go away.[4]

Treatment of Herpes Labialis

  • Cold sores generally clear up without treatment in two to four weeks.
  • Several types of prescription antiviral medications may speed the healing process. Examples include:
  • Acyclovir (Zovirax)
  • Valacyclovir (Valtrex)
  • Famciclovir
  • Penciclovir (Denavir)
  • Despite no cure or vaccine for the virus, a human body’s immune system and specialty antigens typically fight the virus.
  • Docosanol, a saturated fatty alcohol, is a safe also effective topical application that has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for herpes labialis in adults with properly functioning immune systems.
  • The duration of symptoms can be shortened a bit if an antiviral, anesthetic, zinc oxide or zinc sulfate cream is applied soon after it starts. [5]


Prevention of Herpes Labialis

  • Avoid kissing, intimate contact and oral sex with someone who has a cold sore.
  • Don’t share towels, razors, dishes, cutlery, straws, lip balm or lipstick.
  • Wash your hands before touching your lips, eyes or genitals.

If you’ve already come into contact with HSV-1, do these to reduce risk of a cold sore outbreak:

  • Try to stay healthy: A fever can trigger a cold sore, which is why people sometimes call them fever blisters.
  • Get enough rest: Fatigue weakens your immune system and makes you more likely to get sick.
  • Wear lip balm with SPF: Protecting your lips from sunburn can help you avoid an outbreak.

If you have a cold sore, be careful around babies. Always wash your hands, and do not kiss a baby until the cold sore has healed completely.[4]

Homeopathic Treatment of Herpes Labialis

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis.

which includes

  • The medical history of the patient,
  • Physical and mental constitution,
  • Family history,
  • Presenting symptoms,
  • Underlying pathology,
  • Possible causative factors etc.

A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions.

What Homoeopathic doctors do?

A homeopathy doctor tries to treat more than just the presenting symptoms. The focus is usually on what caused the disease condition? Why ‘this patient’ is sick ‘this way’?.

The disease diagnosis is important but in homeopathy, the cause of disease not just probed to the level of bacteria and viruses. Other factors like mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose a person to illness also looked for. No a days, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The correct homeopathy remedy tries to correct this disease predisposition.

The focus is not on curing the disease but to cure the person who is sick, to restore the health. If a disease pathology not very advanced, homeopathy remedies do give a hope for cure but even in incurable cases, the quality of life can greatly improved with homeopathic medicines.

Homeopathic Medicines for Herpes Labialis (Cold sores)

The homeopathic remedies (medicines) given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathy treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each homeopathic remedy may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications also taken into account for selecting a remedy.


1. Natrum Mur – Top Grade Medicine to treat Fever Blisters

  • Generally, Natrum Mur is a top grade medicine for treating fever blisters.
  • Furthermore, In cases needing Natrum Mur small vesicles appear around the mouth. The blisters contain watery content and appear as pearls around the mouth.
  • Tiny vesicles also appear on the upper lip. Additionally, Smarting pain and burning may be there in the blisters.
  • Besides this, These vesicles rupture and get covered with a scab that leaves a red spot after falling off.
  • Lastly, Lips may be dry, sore and cracked. Swelling of upper lip may be present along with the above features.

2. Rhus Tox – For Blisters around the Mouth and on Chin

  • Basically, Rhus Tox well indicate for fever blisters that appear around the mouth and on the chin.
  • The blisters are present in clusters or group. Additionally, They fill with a watery substance.
  • Sometimes yellow colored fluid is present in the vesicles. The margin of the vesicle is red.
  • Besides this, Vesicles are sore to touch. A biting sensation is present in the vesicles.
  • All in all, Itching may present in the vesicles with a desire to rub them with something rough.

3. Apis Mellifica – For Blisters with Stinging, Burning Pain

  • Apis Mellifica wonderful medicine for fever blisters attend with stinging and burning pains.
  • Vesicles are small and numerous where Apis Mellifica is needed. The vesicles may cover with yellow crusts.
  • Intense itching may also feel in the vesicles.

4. Hepar Sulph – For Painful and Sensitive Fever Blisters

  • Hepar Sulph is next beneficial medicine for fever blisters.
  • It well indicate to treat fever blisters that are highly painful and sensitive to touch.
  • A heated sensation also feel in the corners of the mouth. In cases requiring Hepar Sulph, initially, a red spot with itching appears under the lower lip where blisters form afterward.
  • Blisters are most times yellowish. Blisters may also form on chin where Hepar Sulph indicate.

5. Nitric Acid – For Blisters on Lips with Stitching Pain

  • Nitric Acid is useful for fever blisters on lips with stitching pain. Stitching pain is like as from splinters.
  • It is most felt when touching the lips. Lips may be swollen. The lip may be cracked and sore also.

6. Arsenic Album – For Blisters with Burning Sensation

  • Arsenic Album is useful for fever blisters with a prominent burning sensation.
  • The blisters appear on the lips also around the mouth. Moreover, The burning sensation is most worse at night time.
  • Cold air exposure also worsens the burning.

7. Graphites – For Blisters Discharging Sticky Fluid

  • Graphites indicate for fever blisters discharging sticky fluid.
  • The fluid is transparent, watery in addition to being sticky and glutinous.
  • The affected skin also inflame and swollen. Additionally, The blisters can have violent itching and burning sometimes.
  • Graphites is also indicated for fever blisters that are covered with scabs.

8. Merc Sol – For Blisters on Lips and Tongue/Gums

  • Merc Sol offers help in cases of fever blisters when vesicles form on lips and also on the tongue/gums.
  • On the lips, the blisters may be covered with yellow crusts.
  • The blisters on tongue and gums are attended with burning pain.
  • In addition to above few symptoms that may be present for using Merc Sol includes painful gums, sore throat, and fever.[3]


Diet & Regimen of Herpes Labialis

  • Avoiding touching
  • Washing hands properly
  • Avoid contact with infected people
  • Drink more fluid
  • Take rest [3]

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Herpes Labialis?

A Herpes Labialis is a group of tiny, painful blisters caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). They’re also called fever blisters or herpes simplex labialis.

Homeopathic Medicines used by Homeopathic Doctors in treatment of Herpes Labialis?

  • Natrum Mur
  • Rhus Tox
  • Apis Mellifica
  • Hepar Sulph
  • Nitric Acid
  • Arsenic Album
  • Graphites
  • Merc Sol

What causes Herpes Labialis?

  • Herpes simplex virus type 1
  • Hormonal changes during menstruation or pregnancy
  • Sunburn
  • Extreme temperatures
  • Stress
  • Fatigue
  • Fever and illness
  • Damaged, dry or cracked lips

What are the symptoms of Herpes Labialis?

  • Tingling, burning, or itching sensation
  • Red, swollen also painful
  • Blisters rupture and ooze fluid
  • Crusts also scabs over
  • Crack or bleed

References use for Article Herpes Labialis

[1] Text book of medicine by Golwala

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herpes_labialis

[3] https://www.drhomeo.com/homeopathic-treatment/homeopathic-medicines-for-fever-blisters/

[4] https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/21136-cold-sores

[5] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cold-sore/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371023


A Herpes Labialis is a group of tiny, painful blisters caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). They’re also call fever blisters or herpes simplex labialis.

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