Furuncles (Boils)

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Furuncles (Boils) Definition Symptoms Cause Diet Homeopathic Medicine Treatment Homeopathy Doctor Clinic in Rajkot Gujarat India

The Furuncles (Boils):

Definition

A Furuncles (Boils) is a walled-off collection of pus that is a painful, firm, or fluctuant mass.

Overview of Furuncles (Boils)

Cellulites may precede or occur in conjunction with it. An abscess is a cavity formed by finger like loculations of granulation tissue and pus that extends outward along planes of least resistance.

Furuncles are uncommon in children, but increase in frequency after puberty. Furunculosis occurs as a self-limited infection in which one or several lesions are present or as a chronic, recurrent disease that lasts for months or years, affecting one or several family members.

Most patients with sporadic or recurrent Furunculosis appear to be otherwise healthy and have an intact immune system.

Causes of Furuncles (Boils)

  • Bacteria S. aureus is the most common pathogen.
  • The infecting strain may be found during quiescent periods in the nares and perineum.
  • There is evidence that the anterior nares are the primary site from which the staphylococcus is disseminated to the skin.
  • Other organisms, either aerobic (E. coli, P. aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis) or anaerobic (Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, Peptococcus, Peptostreptococcus), may cause furuncles.
  • In general, the microbiology of abscesses reflects the micro flora of the anatomic part of the body involved.
  • Anaerobes are found in perineal abscesses and in some head and neck abscesses.
  • Perirectal and peri-anal region abscesses often are reflective of fecal flora.
  • Approximately 5% of abscesses are sterile. Bacteria colonize the skin in patients with atopic dermatitis, eczema, and scabies.
  • Predisposing Conditions Occlusion of the groin and buttocks by clothing, especially in patients with hyperhidrosis, encourages bacterial colonization.
  • Follicular abnormalities, evident by the presence of comedones and acneiform papules and pustules, are often found on the buttocks and axillae of patients with recurrent Furunculosis of those areas; these findings suggest the diagnosis of hidradenitis suppurativa.

Pathophysiology of Furuncles (Boils)

  • Boil (furuncle) is a localized deep suppurative necrotizing form of folliculitis which involves the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue.
  • Staphylococcus aureusis the most common causative agent.
  • Following an abrasion or cut, the pathogen uses the wound site to invade and colonize the hair follicle.
  • This leads to the formation of tender, erythematous, perifollicular nodule.
  • The boil later becomes painful and fluctuant leading to discharge of pus and formation of necrotic plugs, which may leave a scar.

Sign & Symptoms of Furuncles (Boils)

  • The lesion begins as a deep, tender, firm, red papule that enlarges rapidly into a tender, deep-seated nodule that remains stable and painful for days and then becomes fluctuant.
  • The patient does not have a fever or systemic symptoms. Pain becomes moderate to severe as purulent material accumulates. Pain is most intense in areas where expansion is restricted, such as the neck and external auditory canal.
  • The abscess either remains deep or reabsorbs or points and ruptures through the surface.
  • The abscess cavity contains a surprisingly large quantity of pus and white chunks of necrotic tissue. The point of rupture heals with scarring. Carbuncles are aggregates of infected follicles.
  • The infection originates deep in the dermis and the subcutaneous tissue, forming a broad, red, swollen, slowly evolving, deep, painful mass that points and drains through multiple openings. Malaise chills, and fever precede or occur during the active phase.
  • Deep extension into the subcutaneous tissue may be followed by sloughing and extensive scarring.
  • Areas with thick dermis (i.e., the back of the neck, the back of the trunk, and the lateral aspects of the thighs) are the preferred sites. In the pre-antibiotic era, there were some fatalities.

 Location:

Lesions may occur at any site but favor areas prone to friction or minor trauma, such as underneath a belt, the anterior thighs, buttocks, groin, axilla, and waist.

Diagnosis of Furuncles (Boils)

  • History and Symptoms

A detailed and thorough history from the patient is necessary. Specific areas of focus when obtaining a history from the patient include history of immuno suppression, family history of Furunculosis, history of contact sports, history of close contact, and recent travel.

Common symptoms of the boil include firm, red, and painful bump with pus filled head.

  • Laboratory Findings

Laboratory study which is consistent with the diagnosis of boils include the pus culture.

  • Imaging Findings

X ray may be performed to detect internal abscess and osteomyelitis.

  • Other Diagnostic Studies

Other diagnostic studies of boils include blood analysis, urine analysis, and biopsy.

Differential Diagnosis of Furuncles (Boils)

  • Cystic acne
  • Hydradrenitis suppurativa
  • Pilonidal cyst
  • Anthrax
  • Herpetic whitlow,
  • Cellulitis Furuncular myasis,
  • Impetigo herpitiformis,
  • Sporotrichosisand Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis

 

Treatment of Furuncles (Boils)

  • Furuncles may subside and go without any treatment. You can ease pain by covering the boil with a flannel soaked in hot water. Do this for 30 minutes, 3-4 times a day.

Medical Therapy

  • The mainstay of therapy for mild furuncles is incision and drainage
  • Antimicrobial therapies are indicated in moderate and severe furuncles. Empiric antimicrobial therapies for furuncle include either TMP-SMX or Doxycycline for moderate furuncles, and either Vancomycin, Daptomycin, Linezolid, Telavancin, or Cefazoline for severe furuncles.

Surgery

  • Incision and drainage is indicated if the boil is deep large and persistent despite medical therapy.

Prevention of Furuncles (Boils)

Primary prevention

  • Effective measures for primary prevention of boils include hand washing, antibacterial soaps, maintain proper hygiene (hand sanitizers, antiseptic washes), avoid close contact (homeless shelters, military, prisons).

Secondary prevention

  • Secondary prevention strategies following boils are warm moist compresses on the boil, hand washing, and proper wound care.

 

 

Homeopathic Treatment of Furuncles (Boils)

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis.

which includes

  • The medical history of the patient,
  • Physical and mental constitution,
  • Family history,
  • Presenting symptoms,
  • Underlying pathology,
  • Possible causative factors etc.

A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions.

What Homoeopathic doctors do?

A homeopathy doctor tries to treat more than just the presenting symptoms. The focus is usually on what caused the disease condition? Why ‘this patient’ is sick ‘this way’?.

The disease diagnosis is important but in homeopathy, the cause of disease not just probed to the level of bacteria and viruses. Other factors like mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose a person to illness also looked for. No a days, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The correct homeopathy remedy tries to correct this disease predisposition.

The focus is not on curing the disease but to cure the person who is sick, to restore the health. If a disease pathology not very advanced, homeopathy remedies do give a hope for cure but even in incurable cases, the quality of life can greatly improved with homeopathic medicines.

Homeopathic Medicines for Furuncles (Boils):

The homeopathic remedies (medicines) given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathy treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each homeopathic remedy may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications also taken into account for selecting a remedy.

Homoeopathic Approach:

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, family history, presenting symptoms, underlying pathology, possible causative factors etc.

A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions. A homeopathy doctor tries to treat more than just the presenting symptoms. The focus is usually on what caused the disease condition? Why ‘this patient’ is sick ‘this way’. The disease diagnosis is important but in homeopathy, the cause of disease is not just probed to the level of bacteria and viruses.

Other factors like mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose a person to illness are also looked for. No a days, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The correct homeopathy remedy tries to correct this disease predisposition. The focus is not on curing the disease but to cure the person who is sick, to restore the health. If disease pathology is not very advanced, homeopathy remedies do give a hope for cure but even in incurable cases, the quality of life can be greatly improved with homeopathic medicines.

The homeopathic remedies (medicines) given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathy treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each homeopathic remedy may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy.

Medicines:

Anthracinum

  • Violent burning pain in Furuncles (in other words, Boils).
  • Cerebral symptoms; sloughing, abundant discharge of ichorous, terribly smelling pus also poisoning of blood by absorption of pus.
  • Excessive sensitiveness of parts affected; additionally; dusky appearance of parts surrounding the gangrenous spots.

Arsenicum Album

  • Intense burning in the seat of the carbuncle also some distance around the tumor.
  • Sensation of swelling as though boiling water were running especially beneath the skin.
  • Restlessness , debility; Aggravation at nights, on the other hand; amelioration from warmth.

Belladonna

  • Bright redness; additionally throbbing pains.
  • Generally, Drowsiness with inability to sleep.
  • Erysipelatous inflammation around carbuncle;
  • Lastly, cerebral irritation.

Carbo Veg

  • Basically, Dark, blackish appearance with burning pain.
  • Discharging offensive matter even after gangrene has set in; In detail; blood-poisoning; collapse.

China

  • Asthenic character, with symptoms of putrid fever, where patient is leuco-phlegmatic also much reduced, or where the carbuncle developed itself from malarious causes.

Hepar Sulph

  • Furuncles (in other words; Boils) surrounded by indurated spots.
  • Pain intense, sleeplessness; stinging burning of edges of ulcer with corroding discharge.

Hyoscyamas

  • Carbuncle in either nervous or hysterical persons; coma vigil.
  • Furthermore; Great restlessness from excessive nervous excitement.
  • Shaking of head in all directions; optical illusions; constriction on pharynx, etc.

Kreosotum

  • Violent pulsations in every part of the body; putrid discharge.
  • Great debility, numbness and faintness.
  • Sleepy but cannot sleep, aggravation before midnight.

Lachesis

  • Slow progress, the skin over the dead cellular tissue shows little disposition to ulcerate; dark bluish appearance.
  • After perforation scanty discharge of thin, sometimes bloody sanics.
  • Cerebral symptoms; prostration; inability to bear any bandage over the sore.

Muriatic Acid

  • Carbuncles in scorbutic patients, with ulcers on gums.
  • Feeling of emptiness in stomach and abdomen.
  • Frequent desire to urinate, with profuse emission of clear urine.

Nitric Acid

  • Putrid decomposition with tendency to hemorrhages.
  • Excessive debility with copious night-sweats.

Rhus Tox

  • Burning, itching around carbuncle, with vertigo stupor.
  • Great restlessness; feels somewhat relieved of violent pain as long as he is in motion; more indicated in the beginning, when the pains are intense and the affected parts are dark red.
  • Orbital cellulitis.

Silicea

  • During process of ulceration it clears the wound of its decaying masses and promotes healthy granulation.
  • Want of viral warmth; slow progress of the disease; furuncles appearing in drops.

Tarentula Cubensis

  • Erysipelatous redness around the carbuncle.
  • Rigors followed by burning fever, great thirst, anxiety, headache, delirium, profuse perspiration and retention of urine; excessive pains in carbuncle.

Diet & Regimen of Furuncles (Boils)

  • Keep draining wounds covered with clean, dry bandages.
  • Maintain good personal hygiene with regular bathing and cleaning of hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand gel, particularly after touching infected skin or an item that has directly contacted a draining wound.
  • Avoid reusing or sharing personal items (e.g., disposable razors, linens, and towels) that have contacted infected skin.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Boils?

A Furuncles (Boils) is a walled-off collection of pus that is a painful, firm, or fluctuant mass.

Homeopathic Medicines used by Homeopathic Doctors in treatment of Boils?

  • Anthracinum
  • Arsenicum Album
  • Belladonna
  • Carbo Veg
  • China
  • Hepar Sulph
  • Hyoscyamas
  • Kreosotum
  • Lachesis

What causes Boils?

  • Bacteria S. aureus most common
  • E. coli, P. aeruginosa, Enterococcus faecalis
  • Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, Peptococcus

What are the symptoms of Boils?

  • Deep, tender, firm, red papule
  • Pain becomes moderate to severe
  • Abscess- deep or reabsorbs or points and ruptures through the surface.
  • Abscess cavity- large quantity of pus and white chunks of necrotic tissue.

References use for Article Furuncles (Boils)

[1] Text Book of Medicine Golwala

[2] Homoeopathic Therapeutics by Lilienthal

[3]https://patient.info/skin-conditions/boils-carbuncles-and-furunculosis

[4] https://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/Boil_overview

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