Mental Retardation

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Mental Retardation

Definition

Mental retardation is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal global intellectual capacity as an adult. [2]

Mental retardation is defined as significantly sub average general intellectual functioning, associated with significant deficit or impairment in adaptive functioning, which manifests during the developmental period (before 18 years of age). [1]

The term "mental retardation" is considered outdated and can be insensitive. Here are some respectful alternatives you can use:

  • Formal:
    • Intellectual disability (ID): This is the preferred term by many organizations and emphasizes the challenges faced with cognitive functioning.
    • Cognitive impairment: This is a broader term that refers to difficulties with thinking, learning, and memory, but doesn’t specify the severity.
  • Neutral:
    • Developmental disability: This term refers to a group of conditions that start early in life and cause delays in development.

It’s important to choose the term that best suits the context. If you’re unsure, "intellectual disability" is a safe and widely accepted option.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Mental retardation is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal global intellectual capacity as an adult.

  • Abrotanum
  • Baryta Carb
  • Calcarea Carb
  • Medorrhinum
  • Chromosomal abnormalities
  • Inborn errors of metabolism
  • Single-gene disorders
  • Cranial anomalies
  • Perinatal causes (Infections, Prematurity, Birth trauma)
  • Acquired physical disorders in childhood
  • Sociocultural cause
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Children with developmental disabilities
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • Have trouble discerning cause and effect.
  • Trouble solving problems.
  • Have trouble thinking logically
  • Poor academic performance

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