Piles or Haemorrhoid

You are here:
Piles Or Haemorrhoids Cause Diet Homeopathic Medicine Treatment Homeopathy Doctor Clinic in Rajkot Gujarat India

The Piles or Haemorrhoid:

Definition of Piles or Haemorrhoid:

Piles or Haemorrhoid are swollen blood vessels in the lower rectum. Hemorrhoids, also spelled hemorrhoids, are vascular structures in the anal canal. In their normal state, they are cushions that help with  stool control. They become a disease when swollen or inflamed; the unqualified term “hemorrhoid” is often used to refer to the disease.

Overview of Piles or Haemorrhoid

Symptomatic hemorrhoids affect >1 million individuals in the Western world per year.

The Prevalence of hemorrhoidal disease is not selective for age or sex. However, Age known to be a risk factor. The prevalence of hemorrhoidal disease less in underdevelope countries.

The typical low-fiber, high-fat Western Diet associate with constipation and straining and the development of symptomatic hemorrhoids.

Causes of  Piles or Haemorrhoid

  1. Portal hypertension and varicose veins
  • Misconceptions concerning the vascular anatomy of the anal canal led to theories of development of primary internal haemorrhoids that lasted for several centuries.
  • Man’s upright posture, lack of valves in the portal venous system and raised abdominal pressure were thought to contribute to the development of anal varicosities.
  • If raised portal venous pressure were indeed the cause, one would expect a high incidence in subjects suffering from portal hypertension.
  • However, although such patients have a higher incidence of anorectal varices, these are a separate anatomical and clinical entity from Haemorrhoid, which are seen no more frequently than in those without cirrhosis, portal hypertension and esophageal varices.
  • Other vascular causes Historically, some considered Haemorrhoid to be hemangiomatous or to result from changes in the erectile tissue that forms part of the continence mechanism, such as hyperplasia of the ‘corpus cavernous recti’.
  1. Infection
  • Repeated infection of the anal lining, secondary to trauma at defaecation, has been postulated as a cause of weakening and erosion of the walls of the veins of the submucosa.
  • This hypothesis is difficult to accept, as one of the truly incredible properties of the anal canal is its resistance to infection, as well as the ability of its mucosa to heal after surgical intervention despite the torrent of micro-organisms passing over it.[3]
  1. Diet and stool consistency
  • Much emphasis has been placed on the role of constipation in the development of Haemorrhoid and, indeed, much of the management of sufferers involves attempts to ‘normalize’ bowel habits.
  • A fibre-deficient diet results in a prolonged gut transit time, which is associated with the passage of smaller, harder stools that require more straining to expel.
  • The presence of a hard Faecal mass in the Rectum could obstruct venous return, resulting in engorgement of the anal veins with the act of straining at stool or sitting for prolonged periods on the lavatory with a relaxed perineum, causing a disturbance of vascular flow.
  • However, the epidemiological pattern of constipation is different from that of Haemorrhoidal disease and, indeed, an association has been demonstrated between haemorrhoids and diarrhoeal disorders.
  1. Anal hypertonia
  • The association between raised anal canal resting pressure and haemorrhoids is well known, but whether anal hypertonia causes symptoms attributable to haemorrhoids or whether anal cushion hypertrophy causes anal hypertonia is a subject of debate.
  • The fact that surgical hemorrhoidectomy restores resting pressures to the normal range is not absolute evidence that the pile masses themselves are the cause of the hypertonia.
  • It should be remembered, however, that there are a significant proportion of patients who suffer Haemorrhoidal symptoms in whom the anal canal is relatively patulous, and there is mucosal prolapse, which is associated with perineal descent and pudendal neuropathy.
  1. Ageing
  • In contrast to the anal cushion of early life, with age, the supporting structures show a higher proportion of collagen than muscle fibres and are fragmented and disorganised.
  • Presumably, these changes arise over time with continued use of the anal canal for defaecation.
  • However, similar changes are noted histologically in surgically excised haemorrhoids in younger patients.
  • Current view Shearing forces acting on the anus lead to caudal displacement of the anal cushions and mucosal trauma. With time, fragmentation of the supporting structures leads to loss of elasticity of the cushions such that they no longer retract following defaecation.[1][3]

Anatomy and Pathophysiology of Piles or Haemorrhoid

Hemorrhoidal cushions are a normal part of the anal canal. The vascular structures contained within this tissue aid in continence by preventing damage to the sphincter muscle.

Three main hemorrhoidal complexes traverse the anal canal—the left lateral, the right anterior, and the right posterior. Engorgement and straining lead to prolapse of this tissue into the anal canal.

Over time, the anatomic support system of the hemorrhoidal complex weakens, exposing this tissue to the outside of the anal canal where it is susceptible to injury. [3]

Classification of Piles or Haemorrhoid

Hemorrhoids are commonly classified as

[1] External
  • External Hemorrhoids originate below the dentate line and are covered with squamous epithelium and are associated with an internal component.
  • External hemorrhoids are painful when thrombosed.
[2] Internal
  • Internal hemorrhoids originate above the dentate line and are Covered with mucosa and transitional zone epithelium and represent majority of hemorrhoids.
  • The standard classification of hemorrhoidal disease is based on the progression of the disease from their normal internal location to the prolapsing external position.[3]

Sign & Symptoms of Piles or Haemorrhoid

External Hemorrhoids
  • If not thrombosed, external hemorrhoid may cause few problems.
  • However, when thrombosed, hemorrhoids may be very painful.
  • Nevertheless, this pain typically resolves in two to three days.
  • The swelling may, however, take a few weeks to disappear. A skin tag may remain after healing.
  • If hemorrhoids are large and cause issues with hygiene, they may produce irritation of the surrounding skin, and thus itchiness around the anus. [1][3]
Internal Hemorrhoids
  • Internal hemorrhoids usually present with painless, bright red rectal bleeding during or following a bowel movement.
  • The blood typically covers the stool is on the toilet paper, or drips into the toilet bowl. The stool itself is usually normally colored.
  • Other symptoms may include mucous discharge, a perianal mass if they prolapse through the anus, itchiness, and fecal incontinence.
  • Internal hemorrhoids are usually painful only if they become thrombosed or necrotic.
  • Bleeding, As the name Haemorrhoid implies, is the principal and earliest symptom. The nature of the bleeding is characteristically separate from the motion and seen either on the paper on wiping or as a fresh splash in the pan.
  • Very rarely, the bleeding may sufficient to cause anemia.
  • Pain is not commonly associated with the bleeding and its presence should make the clinician alert to the possibility of another diagnosis; however, pain may result from congestion of pile masses below a hypertonic sphincter.
  • Piles associated with bleeding Alone call first-degree haemorrhoids.
  • Patients may complain of true ‘piles’, lumps that appear at the anal orifice during defaecation and which return spontaneously afterwards (second-degree haemorrhoids), piles that have to replace manually (third-degree haemorrhoids). Or piles that lie permanently outside (fourth-degree haemorrhoids).
  • By this stage there is often a significant cutaneous Component to the pile masses, which arise through repeated congestion and Oedema.
  • In addition to the main symptoms of pain and prolapse, patients may complain of anal irritation, which may occur as a result of mucus secretion from the caudally displaced rectal mucosa, minor leakage through a now imperfect anal seal or difficulties in cleaning after defaecation because of the irregularity of the anal verge.[1][3]

Diagnosis of Piles or Haemorrhoid

  • Your doctor might be able to see external haemorrhoids. Diagnosing internal haemorrhoids might include examination of your anal canal and rectum.
  • Digital examination- Your doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum. They feels for anything unusual, such as growths.
  • Visual inspection- Because internal haemorrhoids are often too soft to be felt during a rectal exam, your doctor might examine the lower portion of your colon and rectum with an anoscope, proctoscope or sigmoidoscope.[4]

 

Treatment of Piles or Haemorrhoid

Medications i.e.
  • If your hemorrhoids produce only mild discomfort, your doctor might suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads.
  • These products contain ingredients such as witch hazel, or hydrocortisone and lidocaine, which can temporarily relieve pain and itching.
  • Don’t use an over-the-counter steroid cream for more than a week unless directed by your doctor because it can thin your skin.
  • Use topical treatments- Apply an over-the-counter Haemorrhoid cream or suppository containing hydrocortisone, or use pads containing witch hazel or a numbing agent.
  • Soak regularly in a warm bath or sitz bath- Soak your anal area in plain warm water for 10 to 15 minutes two to three times a day. A sitz bath fits over the toilet.
  • Take oral pain relievers- You can use acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) temporarily to help relieve your discomfort.
External hemorrhoid thrombectomy i.e.
  • If a painful blood clot (thrombosis) has formed within an external hemorrhoid, your doctor can remove the hemorrhoid, which can provide prompt relief.
  • This procedure, done under local anesthesia, is most effective if done within 72 hours of developing a clot.
Minimally invasive procedures i.e.

Min For persistent bleeding or painful haemorrhoids, your doctor might recommend one of the other minimally invasive procedures available. These treatments can be done in your doctor’s office or other outpatient setting and don’t usually require anesthesia.

  • Rubber band ligation
  • Injection (sclerotherapy
  • Coagulation (infrared, laser or two minds Surgical procedures.
Surgical procedures i.e.

Only a small percentage of people with haemorrhoids require surgery. However, if other procedures haven’t been successful or you have large haemorrhoids, your doctor might recommend one of the following:

  • Haemorrhoid removal (hemorrhoidectomy)
  • Haemorrhoid stapling.[4]

Complication of Piles or Haemorrhoid

Profuse hemorrhage is not rare. The bleeding mainly occurs externally but it may continue internally after the bleeding Haemorrhoid has retracted or has returned. In these circumstances the rectum found to contain blood.

Homeopathic Treatment of Piles or Haemorrhoid

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis.

which includes

  • The medical history of the patient,
  • Physical and mental constitution,
  • Family history,
  • Presenting symptoms,
  • Underlying pathology,
  • Possible causative factors etc.

A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions.

What Homoeopathic doctors do?

A homeopathy doctor tries to treat more than just the presenting symptoms. The focus is usually on what caused the disease condition? Why ‘this patient’ is sick ‘this way’?.

The disease diagnosis is important but in homeopathy, the cause of disease not just probed to the level of bacteria and viruses. Other factors like mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose a person to illness also looked for. No a days, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The correct homeopathy remedy tries to correct this disease predisposition.

The focus is not on curing the disease but to cure the person who is sick, to restore the health. If a disease pathology not very advanced, homeopathy remedies do give a hope for cure but even in incurable cases, the quality of life can greatly improved with homeopathic medicines.

Homeopathic Medicines for Piles or Haemorrhoid:

The homeopathic remedies (medicines) given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathy treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each homeopathic remedy may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications also taken into account for selecting a remedy.

Homoeopathic Approach:

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, family history, presenting symptoms, underlying pathology, possible causative factors etc.

A miasmatic tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into account for the treatment of chronic conditions. A homeopathy doctor tries to treat more than just the presenting symptoms. The focus is usually on what caused the disease condition? Why ‘this patient’ is sick ‘this way’.

The disease diagnosis is important but in homeopathy, the cause of disease is not just probed to the level of bacteria and viruses. Other factors like mental, emotional and physical stress that could predispose a person to illness are also looked for. No a days, even modern medicine also considers a large number of diseases as psychosomatic. The correct homeopathy remedy tries to correct this disease predisposition.

The focus is not on curing the disease but to cure the person who is sick, to restore the health. If a disease pathology is not very advanced, homeopathy remedies do give a hope for cure but even in incurable cases, the quality of life can be greatly improved with homeopathic medicines.

The homeopathic remedies (medicines) given below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete and definite guide to the homeopathy treatment of this condition. The symptoms listed against each homeopathic remedy may not be directly related to this disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy.

Medicines:

Aesculus [Aesc]

  • This remedy is especially suitable to the form of hemorrhoids arising from portal congestion, abdominal plethora. They may or may not bleed, but there is a feeling in the rectum as of splinters or sticks.
  • This remedy actually produced many liver symptoms and hemorrhoids in the provers. Other indicating symptoms are aching in the lumbar region, protruding purple piles with severe pains in the sacrum and small of the back and fullness in the region of the liver
  • Dryness, burning and itching are good indications. Hughes prefers Nux vomica and Sulphur in hemorrhoids dependent on congestion of the portal system. Pulsatilla is one of the best remedies in hemorrhoids after Aesculus.
  • Passive congestion and dyspeptic troubles are the keynotes; blind hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids that bleed easily. It acts best in the higher potencies. Hemorrhoids from chronic constipation may cure with Aesculus. [2]

Aloes [Aloe]

  • This is also a most useful hemorrhoidal remedy. It indicate where the piles protrude like a bunch of grapes, bleeding often and profusely, and greatly relieve by the application of cold water. There a very mark burning in the anus the bowels feel as if scraped.
  • There is a tendency to diarrhoea, with the well-known uncertain feeling in the lower bowel. This tendency to diarrhoea will distinguish from Collinsonia, which has the tendency to constipation.
  • Ratanhia has burning in the anus, and protrusion of varices after a hard stool. The characteristics of this remedy are burning and fissure of the anus, great painfulness and sensitiveness of rectum Capsicum.
  • Bleeding piles with burning pain, itching, smarting and stinging in anus during stool are characteristic of Capsicum.[2]

Collinsonia [Coll]

  • But says that no remedy can equal Collinsonia in obstinate cases of hemorrhoids, which bleed almost incessantly, he recommends the tincture.
  • It is of special use in females with inertia of the rectum and a congestive tendency to the pelvic organs. It suits pregnant women who suffer from piles, and pruritus may be a marked symptom.
  • The indicating symptoms are chiefly a sensation of sticks in the rectum, with constipation from inertia of the lower bowel.
  • It is especially applicable to heart pains resulting from a suppression of a habitual hemorrhoidal flow. It is somewhat similar to Nux, but is a far more useful remedy. Ignatia. Hemorrhoids characterized by sharp, stitching pains, shooting up the rectum.

Hamamelis [Ham]

  • Hughes esteems this remedy as one of the best in hemorrhoids, and clinical testimony is decidedly with him. It has bleeding hemorrhoids, and the flow of blood is quite copious, and the great characterizing indication is excessive soreness.
  • Hughes recommends the second dilution, and experience shows that an external application either hot or cold of Hamamelis extract will promptly reduce the inflammation and soreness.
  • Sulphur has constipation and itching about the anus, worse at night, which may consider as keynotes for its use.

Lycopodium [Lyc]

  • A very useful remedy for piles which do not mature, but remain as hard bluish lumps, and also for bleeding piles containing large quantities of blood. Sepia.
  • Hemorrhoids from irrational portal circulation; bleeding hemorrhoids with fullness in the rectum; oozing of moisture with great soreness.

Nux vomica [Nux-v]

  • If the hemorrhoids large and blind, with a burning, stinging and constricted feeling in the rectum and a bruised pain in the small of the back, and especially if excited by sedentary habits or abuse of stimulants, the Nux may prescribe with confidence.
  • Itching hemorrhoids keeping the sufferer awake at night, relieved by cold water, or bleeding piles with constant urging to stool, and a feeling as if the bowel would not empty itself, are further indications. Arsenicum. Indicated in bluish piles with burning pain, prostration and debility. Muriatic acid.
  • Great sensitiveness of the anus, cannot make use of the softest toilet paper; the piles are so sore and sensitive that the slightest touch is unbreakable. Hemorrhoids in the aged. Graphitis. Hemorrhoids which burn and sting, anus sore, worse sitting.
  • The rectum seems to have lost its contractile power, and the varices protrude.

Sulphur [Sulph]

  • This remedy corresponds to ailments producing hemorrhoids and to the troubles resulting from piles which have stopped bleeding, and as a result fullness in the head and uneasiness in the liver; constipation is present; a desire for stool and itching of the anus.
  • Piles burn and fill up the rectum.
  • Inflamed and very painful piles, scanty evacuation of faces in small, hard bits, like sheep’s dung, with pressing; frequent or copious urination. [2]

Diet & Regimen of Piles or Haemorrhoid

  1. Deep-fried and processed food items

  • Processed foods such as frozen meals, fast food and deep-fried food items are heavy and difficult to digest.
  • They contain fewer nutrients, plenty of salt and unhealthy fats.
  • All these contribute to poor digestion and constipation.
  1. Spicy food

  • Avoid spicy food.
  1. Alcohol

  • Do cut out on your alcohol intake.
  • Alcohol not only disrupts the digestive balance by depleting few nutrients but also have a dehydrating effect on the gut.
  1. Dairy products

  • Dairy products many times leads to gas formation, cramps in the stomach, and constipation.
  • Milk, cheese, and other dairy are more bothersome during an outbreak or flare-up of the disease.
  • So, keep a track of your daily consumption of dairy products!
  1. Unripe fruits

  • Fruits serve as a savior when it comes to improving symptoms of piles.
  • However, please check that you are consuming ripe fruit.
  • Unripe fruits, like unripe bananas, may contain some constipating or irritating compounds which can increase the pain and suffering.
  • Include ripe fruits as part of your midmeal routine.
  1. Refined grains

  • Refined grains like white rice, white bread and bagels, tempting cookies or cakes you buy at the stores have lost their bran component and are very low in fiber.
  • Prefer whole grain over the refined forms.
  1. High salted foods

  • The high salt content in them can cause water retention and ultimately affect the blood vessels.
  1. Iron supplements and some other medicines
  • You may have been taking iron supplements before suffering from piles. But iron is a known constipating supplement.
  • Also, some commonly used medicines come with unwanted effect of constipation.
  • Never stop or alter doses abruptly. It is better to consult your doctor and let him decide the best regimen to address all your health concerns.
  1. Excessive fiber

  • Do not take fiber supplements despite every other person telling you to eat lots of fibers to relieve constipation.
  • Fibers have bulk-forming action on stools, rather than sweeping action. So, they are useful in other types of constipation but not in piles.
  • Regular optimal fiber intake is fine to keep your gut healthy.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Piles?

Piles or Haemorrhoid are swollen blood vessels in the lower rectum. Hemorrhoids, also spelled hemorrhoids, are vascular structures in the anal canal.

Homeopathic Medicines used by Homeopathic Doctors in treatment of Piles?

  • Aesculus
  • Aloes
  • Collinsonia
  • Hamamelis
  • Lycopodium
  • Nux vomica

What causes Piles?

  • Portal hypertension and varicose veins
  • Infection
  • Diet and stool consistency
  • Anal hypertonia
  • Ageing

What are the symptoms of Piles?

  • Painful
  • Pain typically resolves in two to three days
  • Swelling
  • Mucous discharge
  • Perianal mass if they prolapse through the anus
  • Itchiness
  • Fecal incontinence

References use for Article Piles or Haemorrhoid

[1]Harrisons_Principles_of_Internal_Medicine_19th_Edition-_2_Volume_Set

[2] Therapeutics from Zomeo Ultimate LAN

[3] Bailey_and_Love_s_Short_Practice_of_Surgery

[4]https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hemorrhoids/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20360280

Excerpts

Table of Contents

Share on:
Recent posts