Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes Mellitus Definition Symptoms Cause Diet Regimen Homeopathic Medicine Homeopath Treatment in Rajkot India

Diabetes Mellitus

Definition

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycaemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both.[1]

Absolutely! "Diabetes mellitus" is the precise medical term for the condition and remains the best choice for most situations. However, there are several ways to navigate communication depending on the context and desired level of specificity.

  • For specific types: When referring to specific subtypes, established terms like "type 1 diabetes" (often referred to as juvenile-onset diabetes in the past) or "type 2 diabetes" (adult-onset diabetes) are appropriate.

  • Informal terms: There are informal terms like "sugar disease" that reference the high blood sugar characteristic of diabetes. However, these can be vague and lack the clinical precision of "diabetes mellitus." Use them with caution, especially in medical contexts.

  • People-first language: Instead of focusing on the disease itself, consider people-first language that emphasizes the individual. "Someone with diabetes" or "a person living with diabetes" are respectful options that prioritize the person over the condition.

  • Historical terms: Be aware of outdated terms that are no longer appropriate. "Sugar sickness" is an older term for diabetes, while "diabetic coma" is a specific medical condition, not a synonym for diabetes itself.

  • Related conditions: Don’t confuse diabetes mellitus with other conditions that may have similar symptoms. "Gestational diabetes" is a temporary form of diabetes that develops during pregnancy, while "insipidus diabetes" is a completely different condition related to hormone imbalances.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycaemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both.

  • β-cell destruction, absolute insulin deficiency
  • Mutations: Glucokinase, HNF – 1α, Insulin promotor factor-1
  • Pancreatic disease
  • Endocrine disorder
  • Drug induced
  • Infection
  • Insulin Receptor Defect
  • Down’s Syndrome
  • Turner’s Syndrome
  • Uranium nitrate
  • Syzygium jambolanum
  • Phosphoric acid
  • Phosphorus
  • Lactic acid
  • Bryonia
  • Polyuria, Polyphagia, also Polydipsia
  • Weight loss, fatigue and lassitude
  • Pruritus vulvae in females
  • Balanitis in males
  • Either Loss of libido or erectile dysfunction
  • Blurring of vision
  • Abdominal pain in ketoacidosis
  • Type I DM
  • Type II DM
  • Maturity onset diabetes in young
  • Secondary causes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Impaired glucose tolerance
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