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Vaginismus is defined as the psychogenically mediated involuntary spasm of the vaginal muscles including the levator ani muscles and/or the thigh adductor muscles. This results in inability of penetrative sexual intercourse. [1] 

Vaginismus is a condition where the muscles around the vagina involuntarily tighten, causing pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse or other vaginal penetration. There isn’t a direct synonym for vaginismus, but it can be described in other ways:

  • Genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD): This is a broader term that encompasses vaginismus and other conditions causing pain in the genital or pelvic area during sexual activity.

  • Vaginal muscle spasm: This describes the physical symptom of the muscles tightening.

  • Painful sexual intercourse: This is a more general term that could include vaginismus as a possible cause.

Please note that vaginismus is the most specific and accurate term for this condition.

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