Cinchona Officinalis

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Cinchona Officinalis

Overview:

Cinchona officinalis has several synonyms, including:

  • Common names:
    • Quinine
    • Red cinchona
    • Cinchona bark
  • Historical names:
    • Jesuit’s bark (due to its use by Jesuit missionaries in South America)
    • Loxa bark (referencing Loja, Ecuador, a center for the cinchona trade)
    • Countess powder (named after the Countess of Chinchón, who was cured of malaria with cinchona bark)
    • Peruvian bark (referencing its origin in South America)

There are also vernacular names in other languages:

  • Spanish: quina, cascarilla, cargua cargua, corteza coja
  • French: quinquina, écorce du Pérou

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

  • Periodicity of Cinchona is well-marked. 
  • Ailments of malarial origin with marked periodicity: return every other day.  
  • Colic periodical; at a certain hour each day. 
  • Intermittent fever returns every seven or fourteen days. [8] 

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Acute diseases often result in dropsy, esp. during climaxis. 

Ans

  • Unrefreshing sleep. 
  • Constant sopor, 
  • Agg. after 3 A.M. 
  • Wakes early. 

Ans. 

  • Periodicity of Cinchona is well-marked. 
  • Ailments of malarial origin with marked periodicity: return every other day.  
  • Colic periodical; at a certain hour each day. 
  • Intermittent fever returns every seven or fourteen days. [8] 

Ans 

  • Debility: Profound debility from exhausting dis- charges and loss of vital fluids.  
  • Periodicity:-It is well-marked: 
  • Ailments of malarial origin with marked period- icity; return every other day. 
  • Colic periodical, at a certain hour each day. 
  • Pain Pains are agg. from slightest touch but amel. by hard pressure. 
  • Desire: For sour things, sour foods, sour fruits. 
  • Fever: Fever never comes at night, generally inter- mittent. 
  • Ailments from:-Ailments from loss of vital fluids viz. haemorrhages, excessive lactation, menstruation, suppuration, diarrhoea etc. 

Ans.

  • Type of fever

    • Intermittent fever (Tertian, quo- tidian or double quotidian type).  
  • Causation

    • :From bad effects of quinine from exhausting discharges or loss of vital fluids, bad effects of tea-drinking, abuse of Chamomilla. 
  • Onset:

    • Slow and gradual (insidous). 
  • Time

    • Only in day time, fever never comes at night 
  • Physical symptoms

    • It is well-marked. 
  • Periodicity:-

    • Fever returns at every 7th day. 
  • Thirst:

    • Too much, before the beginning of chill 
  • Paroxysm:

    • Anticipates from two or three hours each attack, 
  • Sweat: 

    •  Profusely all over the body. 
    • When covered. 
    • During sleep. 
  •  Mental symptoms:

    • Taciturn, gloomy, ill-humoured  
  • Chill stage:

    • Dr. Boericke says, chill comes generally in the forenoon and it begins in the breast. 
  • Heat stage:

    • Wants to be uncovered. 
  • Sweat stage

    • Profuse debilatating sweat.  
    • Too much thirst. 
  • Modalities:

    • Agg. In day.. 
  • Note: Dr. N.M. Chowdhury says, the prodromal state of fever is prominent by its thirst canaine hunger, nausea. anguish, headache, debility and palpitation of the heart. [8] 

 

Ans.

  • Causation:

    • From haemorrhage. 
    • From sexual excess.  
    • From loss of vital fluids. 
    • From anaemia, etc. 
    • From suppressed coryza. 
  • Location:

    • From forehead to occiput (whole head). 
  • Sensation:

    • As if the skull would burst. 
    • Throbbing of brain and carotids. 
  • Modalities:

    • Agg. – In open air , When sitting or lying down. 
    • Amel. – By hard pressure, By standing or walking. 
  • Introduction

    • :It is used both for acute and chronic diarrhoea. 
  • Causation:-

    • After taking cold things. 
    • After taking fruits as Dr. Farrington says, occurring in hot weather after eating fruits.
  • Time:

  • Character of stool:-

    • Stool is watery, greenish or yellowish.  
    • Stool is offensive and painless. 
    • Contains undigested particles of food. 
    • Stool is fermented and frothy. 
  • Concomitants:- 

    • Distention of the whole abdomen and not amel. by flatus. 
    • After meal. 
    • Every stool is followed by pro- found debility.

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